author={Erich Stephen Gruen},
  pages={1 - 22}
  • E. Gruen
  • Published 1 January 2022
  • Sociology
  • Phoenix
Abstract:To what degree did ancient peoples base their distinctive identities upon ethnicity, i.e., descent, lineage, ancestry, and kinship? This article questions the significance of ethnicity in that sense as a prime marker of group self-consciousness. It argues for a diversity of meanings for ethnic terminology and a complex combination of plural identities in ancient self-perception. 

Ethnicity and Early Christianity: New Approaches to Religious Kinship and Community

This article outlines how recent scholarly interventions about notions of race, ethnicity and nation in the ancient Mediterranean world have impacted the study of early Christianity. Contrary to the

Ethnic Fluidity in Ephesians*

This essay examines Ephesians in light of current research in ethnic studies. The methodological advance of such an approach is twofold: first, it moves the exegesis of the domestic codes to the

Judaism was a civilization: Toward a reconstruction of ancient Jewish peoplehood

The pre-publication version of this article is indefinitely embargoed in OpenBU. Please visit the journal website to access the published version of record: https://doi.org/10.1111/rec3.12286

Introduction: Meanings of Community in Medieval Eurasia

The present volume deals with ways in which medieval Eurasian communities were shaped, both by social practice and by writing about them. Which “visions of community”, which actions and interactions

Cognitive/Evolutionary Psychology and the History of Racism

Philosophical defenses of cognitive/evolutionary psychological accounts of racialism claim that classification based on phenotypical features of humans was common historically and is evidence for a

Let Us Obey. The Rhetoric of Spartan Identity in Tyrtaeus 2W

This paper examines the construction of a civic we-identity in the fragments of Tyrtaeus’Eunomia, focusing on fr. 2 and the strategies by which the poet sought to create a salient we-identity

Natural Slavery, Real Abstraction, and the Virtuality of Anti-Blackness

Abstract:This essay challenges the generic dialectic of the "political animal" and "natural slave" through a provisional mobilization of Karl Marx's methodological innovation "real abstraction."

The Discourse of Herrschaft as the Practice of Herrschaft in the Fifth Century

This essay examines the spectrum of political action and dominance from Constantinople to the frontiers of Noricum and Gaul at the end of the fifth century by comparing the lives of Zeno the Isurian,

Airs, Waters, Metals, Earth: People and Environment in Archaic and Classical Greek Thought

“Do it, if you want. But be prepared to rule no longer but be ruled instead. For soft men tend to come from soft lands. It’s not common for marvelous fruits and men courageous in war to grow from the

Ethnicity, identity and the development of the Roman frontier in Central Europe

.......................................................................................... 2 Chapter 1: Introduction ........................................................................... 4



Ancient Perceptions of Greek Ethnicity

This stimulating collection of essays examines the variable cultural meanings of “Greekness” ( Ú Ò ) (5) in the ancient Mediterranean world from the Iron Age through the time of Pausanias. Building

Greek Ethnic Terminology

This volume is a significant contribution to the study of the ancient Greek vocabulary used to describe the local origins of individuals. It sheds much new light on ancient grammarians, and other

Why This New Race? Ethnic Reasoning in Early Christianity

Why This New Race? Ethnic Reasoning in Early Christianity. By Denise Kimber Buell. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005. ix + 280 pp. $49.50 (cloth). Race, ethnicity, and racial discrimination

Intermarriage and Impurity in Ancient Jewish Sources

  • C. Hayes
  • History
    Harvard Theological Review
  • 1999
Does a principle of Gentile ritual impurity motivate Israelite and late antique Jewish prohibitions of intermarriage? The answer to this question turns upon the answer to an even more basic question:

Jubilees 30: Building a Paradigm for the Ban on Intermarriage

The question of whether it is permissible for Gentiles to marry Jews appears in scripture itself, which advances divergent views on the subject. Whereas both preexilic literature and the author of

Judean Ethnic Identity In Josephus’ Against Apion

This chapter discusses the manner in which Josephus defends the Ioudaioi against various attacks by the writer Apion by comparing and contrasting them with other peoples in the environment. This

Ethnic Groups and Boundaries: The Social Organization of Culture Difference

The seven brief essays appearing in this collection were, with a few others, originally written for a symposium held in Bergen in 1967. They bear the marks of a well-prepared and well-managed

How Many Judaisms Were There

Abstract This article assesses two hypotheses connected with ancient Judaism: the view that Judaism was so diverse in antiquity that it is best understood as a multiple phenomenon ("Judaisms"), and

Apostle to the Gentiles: Constructions of Paul's Identity

In Galatians 2:7–9, Paul lays out the parameters for the spread of the gospel for himself and his Judiean colleagues: all agreed that ?We should go to the gentiles and they to the circumcised? (Gal

The Athenian Nation

Challenging the modern assumption that ancient Athens is best understood as a "polis", Edward Cohen recasts our understanding of Athenian political and social life. Cohen demonstrates that ancient