Corpus ID: 17965818

DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-CRASH ACTIVE SEATBELT SYSTEM FOR REAL-WORLD SAFETY

@inproceedings{Tobata2003DEVELOPMENTOP,
  title={DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-CRASH ACTIVE SEATBELT SYSTEM FOR REAL-WORLD SAFETY},
  author={Hideo Tobata and Hideo Takagi and Chinmoy Pal and Shun Fukuda},
  year={2003}
}
In this paper, potential benefits of a brake operated pre-crash active seatbelt system are analyzed with experimental verifications and numerical simulations. The system is activated at the time of emergency braking operation. The statistical data from real world accidents (Japan) as well as driving simulator analysis show that drivers interact with the brake to avoid crash in about 50% of the total number of accidents. This indicates that an inevitable crash can be detected before the actual… Expand
DEVELOPMENT OF A BRAKE-OPERATED PRE-CRASH SEATBELT SYSTEM AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION. IN: AIR BAGS AND BELT RESTRAINTS
TLDR
The results indicated that the brake operated pre-crash seatbelt system has the potential to reduce injury parameters even if emergency braking is applied prior to a crash. Expand
Study on effectiveness of pre-crash active seatbelt using real time controlled simulation
In recent years, products that make use of integrated safety that use the environmental data to optimize occupant restraints have been on the market. Pre-safe system in the integrated safety categoryExpand
Muscle responses of car occupants: numerical modeling and volunteer experiments under pre-crash braking conditions
Over 30 000 fatalities related to the road transport system are reported anually in Europe. Of these fatalities, the largest share is car occupants, even though significant improvements in vehicleExpand
Postural and Muscular Responses of Car Occupants under Pre-Crash Conditions
Advanced integrated safety technologies in modern cars such as collision avoidance intervention and pre-crash activated restraint systems require comprehensive research on how vehicle occupantsExpand
Effects of pre-impact swerving/steering on physical motion of the volunteer in the low-speed side-impact sled test
In order to simulate the actual pre-crash condition of a car that occurs when the drivers avoid an accident in an emergency situation, low-speed lateral sled tests on human volunteers were conductedExpand
Evaluation of the biofidelity of the BioRID-II and THOR-NT anthropomorphic test devices under seatbelt pre-pretensioner loading in stationary conditions
Pre-pretensioners are active and reversible devices that apply light tension to the seatbelt (less than 300N) which pulls road vehicle occupants rearwards and reduce the backset (head-to-headExpand
Analysis of abdominal injuries caused by the submarining phenomenon in the rear seat occupants
Improvements to vehicle safety have targeted mainly the front seating positions, where the rate of seat belt usage was high and there were many casualties. Recently, rear seat occupant protectionExpand
Gender Differences in Occupant Posture and Muscle Activity with Motorized Seat Belts
TLDR
An important finding is that the increase in occupant muscular activation seen with motorized belts was gender-specific: at deceleration, the change in activation of most muscles was significantly different across gender and belt type, with female drivers exhibiting larger increases in muscular activation than male drivers or passengers of either gender. Expand
Biomechanics of Volunteers Subject to Loading by a Motorized Shoulder Belt Tensioner
TLDR
The upper torso biomechanics of 3 sizes of adult volunteers subjected to motorized shoulder belt tensioning in the static environment are characterized and a lumped-mass model can predict tensioning kinetics. Expand
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