DEPLETED AND NATURAL URANIUM: CHEMISTRY AND TOXICOLOGICAL EFFECTS

@article{Craft2004DEPLETEDAN,
  title={DEPLETED AND NATURAL URANIUM: CHEMISTRY AND TOXICOLOGICAL EFFECTS},
  author={Elena S. Craft and Aquel Abu-Qare and Meghan M. Flaherty and Melissa C Garofolo and Heather L Rincavage and Mohamed B. Abou‐Donia},
  journal={Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part B},
  year={2004},
  volume={7},
  pages={297 - 317}
}
Depleted uranium (DU) is a by-product from the chemical enrichment of naturally occurring uranium. Natural uranium is comprised of three radioactive isotopes: 238U, 235U, and 234U. This enrichment process reduces the radioactivity of DU to roughly 30% of that of natural uranium. Nonmilitary uses of DU include counterweights in airplanes, shields against radiation in medical radiotherapy units and transport of radioactive isotopes. DU has also been used during wartime in heavy tank armor, armor… 
The Chemistry and Toxicology of Depleted Uranium
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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Uranium and Lead Intoxication Hazards Induce Hepatotoxicity In Rats; Biochemical, Histochemical And Histopathological Studies
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References

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TLDR
Exposure to depleted uranium is implicated in kidney damage, mutagenicity, cancer, inhibition of bone, neurological deficits, significant decrease in the pregnancy rate in mice and adverse effects on the reproductive and central nervous systems.
Acute toxicity of uranium in rats and mice
TLDR
The interest of this question has increased following the accident at Chernobyl on 26 April 1986, where it is known that Chernobyl reactor was fueled with about 200 tons of uranium dioxide packaged in 1661 fuel assemblies.
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TLDR
Urine samples from individuals enrolled in the Depleted Uranium Follow-Up Program at the Baltimore Veterans Administration Medical Center were examined for uranium content, and the absence of DU was demonstrated in soldiers who suspect exposure by inhalation or ingestion.
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TLDR
The recent military uses of depleted uranium, the possible effects of its environmental diffusion are discussed and the target organ is the kidney.
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The chemical effects from acute exposures to uranium hexafluoride are compared to the nonstochastic effects from acute radiation doses of 25 rems to the whole body and 300 rems to the thyroid. The
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An overview of uranium and uranium compounds with an emphasis on their relevance to chemical technology is provided. Uranium and its compounds have many uses both potential and applied; examples
Potential late health effects of depleted uranium and tungsten used in armor-piercing munitions: comparison of neoplastic transformation and genotoxicity with the known carcinogen nickel.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that soluble and insoluble DU compounds can transform cells to the tumorigenic phenotype, as characterized by morphological, biochemical, and oncogenic changes consistent with tumor cell behavior.
Overview of Toxicity Data and Risk Assessment Methods for Evaluating the Chemical Effects of Depleted Uranium Compounds
In the United States, depleted uranium is handled or used in several chemical forms by both governmental agencies and private industry (primarily companies producing and machining depleted uranium
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