• Corpus ID: 220994577


  author={Miguel Angel Lara Otaola},
  journal={Raz{\'o}n y Palabra},
This essay will make an evaluation about political liberalism in the electoral democracies of Latin America. For doing so it will take into account three different indicators: a) the rule of law, b) horizontal accountability, encompassing: i) separation of powers/checks and balances, and ii) corruption, and; c) the respect for civil rights (specifically freedom of expression). This will be done through different examples that show that Latin American democracies are far from consolidated (e.g… 
A Critical Analysis of the Relationship between Democracy and Corruption
Corruption is one of the “biggest global issues of our time” (TI, 2010). There is no shortage of reasons to fight corruption. It ‘chokes’ development (Langseth, 1999, 2; USIP, 2010, 6), hinders
The environmental justice movement has resulted from documented evidence that the poor and people of color are more likely to be at high risk of exposure to certain environmental toxics, such as the


Neoliberalism and Democracy in Latin America: A Mixed Record
Abstract This essay argues that neoliberalism has strengthened the sustainability of democracy in Latin America but limited its quality. Drastic market reform seems to have abetted the survival of
Democracy in Latin America: Political Change in Comparative Perspective
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The Rise of Illiberal Democracy
The American diplomat Richard Holbrooke pondered a problem on the eve of the September 1996 elections in Bosnia, which were meant to restore civic life to that ravaged country. "Suppose the election
The Third Wave of Democratization in Latin America: Advances and Setbacks
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The Paradoxes of Contemporary Democracy: Formal, Participatory, and Social Dimensions
"We care about formal democracy because it tends to be more than merely formal. It tends to be real to some extent. Giving the many a real voice in the formal collective decision-making of a country
Trends and Constraints of Partial Democracy in Latin America
This article analyses the mixed forms and results of the institutionalisation of partial democracy in conjunction with free market policies in the last two decades in Latin America. It assesses
Horizontal Accountability in New Democracies
political competition that Dahl stipulates. 1 This is no mean feat; even some countries that regularly hold elections fail to meet these criteria. My focus here, however, is on countries that do
Democracy and state bias in Latin America: Some lessons from Mexico, Peru and Venezuela
This discussion considers why democracy has not so far led to the creation of impartial, honest and effective state institutions in Mexico, Venezuela and Peru. The explanation offered is essentially
Delegative Democracy
This paper presents a first result of ongoing research on emerging forms of democracy. The author argues that it may be necessary to conceptualize a new type of “delegative” democracy, as different
Authoritarian Legacies and Their Impact on Latin America
  • D. Pion-Berlin
  • Political Science
    Latin American Politics and Society
  • 2005
What is left to say about authoritarian legacies, with so much scholarship already on the topic, and long after the demise of de facto rule in Latin America? As nations move farther and farther away