Cytotoxic activity and inhibitory effect on nitric oxide production of triterpene saponins from the roots of Physospermum verticillatum (Waldst & Kit) (Apiaceae).

@article{Tundis2009CytotoxicAA,
  title={Cytotoxic activity and inhibitory effect on nitric oxide production of triterpene saponins from the roots of Physospermum verticillatum (Waldst & Kit) (Apiaceae).},
  author={R. Tundis and M. Bonesi and B. Deguin and M. Loizzo and F. Menichini and F. Conforti and F. Tillequin},
  journal={Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry},
  year={2009},
  volume={17 13},
  pages={
          4542-7
        }
}
Three triterpene saponins isolated from the roots of Physospermum verticillatum and identified as saikosaponin a (1), buddlejasaponin IV (2), and songarosaponin D (3) were investigated in vitro for their cytotoxic activity against a panel of seven different cancer cell lines including ACHN, C32, Caco-2, COR-L23, A375, A549, and Huh-7D12 cell lines. The hydrolysis of sugar unit was performed on saikosaponin a (1) to obtain saikosapogenin a (4). All isolated saponins exhibited strong cytotoxic… Expand
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