Cytoplasmic pH measurement and homeostasis in bacteria and archaea.

  title={Cytoplasmic pH measurement and homeostasis in bacteria and archaea.},
  author={Joan L. Slonczewski and Makoto Fujisawa and Mark Dopson and Terry Ann Krulwich},
  journal={Advances in microbial physiology},
  pages={1-79, 317}
Of all the molecular determinants for growth, the hydronium and hydroxide ions are found naturally in the widest concentration range, from acid mine drainage below pH 0 to soda lakes above pH 13. Most bacteria and archaea have mechanisms that maintain their internal, cytoplasmic pH within a narrower range than the pH outside the cell, termed "pH homeostasis." Some mechanisms of pH homeostasis are specific to particular species or groups of microorganisms while some common principles apply… CONTINUE READING
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