Cytologic diagnosis of rhabdomyosarcoma in a child with a pleural effusion. A case report.

@article{Theunissen2004CytologicDO,
  title={Cytologic diagnosis of rhabdomyosarcoma in a child with a pleural effusion. A case report.},
  author={P. H. M. H. Theunissen and Martin Cremers and Syb van der Meer and Freek J Bot and Johannes Bras},
  journal={Acta cytologica},
  year={2004},
  volume={48 2},
  pages={249-53}
}
BACKGROUND A pleural effusion in children is usually caused by infectious diseases; malignant effusion is very uncommon. In a case of a malignant effusion in a child, a pleura-based metastasis of a neoplasm with a typically high prevalence in childhood has to be considered. Examples are neuroblastoma, nephroblastoma, Wilms' tumor, hepatoblastoma, malignant germ cell tumor and rhabdomyosarcoma. CASE A 4-year old boy presented with a unilateral pleural effusion. Cytologic examination of the… CONTINUE READING