Cytokine serum level during severe sepsis in human IL-6 as a marker of severity.

Abstract

Forty critically ill surgical patients with documented infections were studied during their stay in an intensive care unit. Among these patients, 19 developed septic shock and 16 died, 9 of them from septic shock. Interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta), tumor necrosis factor (TNF alpha), and interleukin 6 (IL-6) were measured each day and every 1 or 2 hours when septic shock occurred. Although IL-1 beta was never found, TNF alpha was most often observed in the serum at a level under 100 pg/mL except during septic shock. During these acute episodes TNF alpha level reached several hundred pg/mL, but only for a few hours. In contrast, IL-6 was always increased in the serum of acutely ill patients (peak to 500,000 pg/mL). There was a direct correlation between IL-6 peak serum level and TNF alpha peak serum level during septic shock and between IL-6 serum level and temperature or C-reactive protein serum level. Moreover, IL-6 correlated well with APACHE II score, and the mortality rate increased significantly in the group of patients who presented with IL-6 serum level above 1000 pg/mL. Thus, IL-6 appears to be a good marker of severity during bacterial infection.

Cite this paper

@article{Damas1992CytokineSL, title={Cytokine serum level during severe sepsis in human IL-6 as a marker of severity.}, author={Pierre Damas and Didier Ledoux and Monique Nys and Y. Vrindts and Donat de Groote and Professor P. Franchimont and M. Lamy}, journal={Annals of surgery}, year={1992}, volume={215 4}, pages={356-62} }