Cytogenetic findings in primary and secondary MDS.

Abstract

More than 1300 MDS cases with clonal cytogenetic abnormalities, 200 of them secondary MDS, have been reported. The most common aberrations in primary MDS are del(5q) (27%), trisomy 8 (19%), monosomy 7 (15%), der(11q) (7%), -5, der(12p) and -Y (5%), del(7q) (4%), and t(1;7), der(3q), del(13q), i(17q) and del(20q) in 2% or less. The 5q- is mostly, but not always, a del(5)(q13q33); it is the cytogenetic hall-mark of the "5q- syndrome" and is frequently found as the sole abnormality. The frequency of the aberrations varies among MDS subgroups: 5q- is most frequent in RA, -5, -7, and der(12p) are more common in CMML and especially in RAEB, and +8 and der(11q) are more often found in RARS. The most common aberrations in secondary MDS are -7 (41%), del(5q) (28%), -5 (11%), der(21q) (9%), 7q-, +8 and der(12p) (8%), t(1;7) and -12 (7%), der(17p) (6%), der(3p) and der(6p) (5%), and der(3q), der(11q), -17, -18 and der(19q) (4%). The average number of abnormalities per case is 5.3, compared with 2.9 in unspecified MDS. The frequency of cytogenetically unrelated clones is 5.7% in secondary and 4.3% in primary MDS. When the literature data are broken down by type of genotoxic exposure, it turns out that -5, -7, and der(17p) are over-represented in patients who have received chemotherapy, whereas 5q- is associated with no exposure or preceding radiotherapy only. The karyotypic profile is prognostically important: patients with -7 or complex karyotypes have a higher risk of progression to acute leukemia and shorter survival.

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@article{Heim1992CytogeneticFI, title={Cytogenetic findings in primary and secondary MDS.}, author={Sverre Heim}, journal={Leukemia research}, year={1992}, volume={16 1}, pages={43-6} }