The critical evaluation of isolation methods for obtaining the adrenocortical cell suspension due to trypsin or collagenase digestion was done. Some collagenase advantages were indicated by morphological observations on the staining smears as well as by ACTH stimulation test. The cytochemical reactions for enzyme activities had the limited applications for those purposes. It also appeared that commonly applied dye exclusion tests were inadequate for characterization of cell suspension. The possible role of the adrenocortical cell debris in the basal corticosterone production was pointed out. The maintenance of the sex dimorphism and the functional differences in the adrenocortical cells isolated from male and female rats have been observed.