TLR4 Mediates MAPK–STAT3 Axis Activation in Bladder Epithelial Cells
Cystitis glandularis is an uncommon proliferative disorder of the mucus-producing glands within the mucosa and submucosa of urinary bladder epithelium. We report three cases with gross hematuria on first presentation. Both sonography and computer tomography revealing bladder tumor and transurethral resection was performed in all three cases. Cystitis glandularis was confirmed by pathology. Short-term follow-up of sonography and cystoscopy showed good results.