Cylinder-Flat Contact Mechanics with Surface Roughness

@article{Tiwari2020CylinderFlatCM,
  title={Cylinder-Flat Contact Mechanics with Surface Roughness},
  author={Avinash Tiwari and B. N. J. Persson},
  journal={Tribology Letters},
  year={2020},
  volume={69}
}
We study the nominal (ensemble averaged) contact pressure p(x) acting on a cylinder squeezed in contact with an elastic half space with random surface roughness. The contact pressure is Hertzian-like for α<0.01\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\alpha < 0.01$$\end{document} and Gaussian-like for α>10… 

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    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
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It is usually assumed that the real area of contact between two nominally flat metal surfaces is determined by the plastic deformation of their highest asperities. This leads at once to the result