Cycling Tames Power Fluctuations near Optimum Efficiency.

@article{Holubec2018CyclingTP,
  title={Cycling Tames Power Fluctuations near Optimum Efficiency.},
  author={Viktor Holubec and Artem Ryabov},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2018},
  volume={121 12},
  pages={
          120601
        }
}
According to the laws of thermodynamics, no heat engine can beat the efficiency of a Carnot cycle. This efficiency traditionally comes with vanishing power output and practical designs, optimized for power, generally achieve far less. Recently, various strategies to obtain Carnot's efficiency at large power were proposed. However, a thermodynamic uncertainty relation implies that steady-state heat engines can operate in this regime only at the cost of large fluctuations that render them… 

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