Cyclic compressive stress-induced scinderin regulates progress of developmental dysplasia of the hip.

Abstract

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a common musculoskeletal disorder characterized by a mismatch between acetabulum and femoral head. Mechanical force plays an important role during the occurrence and development of abnormities in acetabulum and femoral head. In this study, we established a mechanical force model named cyclic compressive stress (Ccs). To analyze the effect of Ccs on DDH, we detected special genes in chondrocytes and osteoblasts. Results showed that Ccs downregulated chondrogenesis of ADTC5 in a concentration-dependent manner. Moreover, the mRNA level of Scinderin (Scin) considerably increased. We established lentivirus-SCIN(GV144-SCIN) to transfect hBMSCs, which were treated with different Ccs levels (0.25 Hz*5 cm, 0.5 Hz*5 cm, and 1 Hz*10 cm); the result showed that overexpression of Scin upregulated osteogenesis and osteoclastogenesis. By contrast, expression of chondrocyte-specific genes, including ACAN, COL-2A, and Sox9, decreased. Further molecular investigation demonstrated that Scin promoted osteogenesis and osteoclastogenesis through activation of the p-Smad1/5/8, NF-κB, and MAPK P38 signaling pathways, as well as stimulated the expression of key osteoclast transcriptional factors NFATc1 and c-Fos. Moreover, Scin-induced osteogenesis outweighed osteoclastogenesis in defective femur in vivo. The results of the analysis of Micro-CT confirmed these findings. Overall, Ccs influenced the development of DDH by promoting osteogenesis and cartilage degradation. In addition, Scin played a vital role in the development of DDH.

DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.02.065

Cite this paper

@article{Wang2017CyclicCS, title={Cyclic compressive stress-induced scinderin regulates progress of developmental dysplasia of the hip.}, author={Cheng-long Wang and Hui Wang and F. J. Xiao and Chuan-dong Wang and Guo-Li Hu and Jun-feng Zhu and Chao Shen and Bin Zuo and Yi-Min Cui and De Li and Yuan-Gao and Xiaoling Zhang and Xiao-Dong Chen}, journal={Biochemical and biophysical research communications}, year={2017}, volume={485 2}, pages={400-408} }