Cyclic AMP stimulation of Cl- secretion by the opercular epithelium: the apical membrane chloride conductance.


Chloride secretion (Isc) by the opercular epithelium of the teleost, Fundulus heteroclitus, is stimulated by elevations in intracellular cyclic AMP (cAMP) elicited by beta-adrenergic agonists, such as isoproterenol, and is accompanied by a small but significant increase in the transepithelial conductance (Gt). Cupric ions (Cu2+) have been shown to block the apical membrane Cl- channels in this epithelium, leading to a reduction in both the Isc and Gt (Degnan, '85). In the present studies, the effects of Cu2+ on cAMP-elevated and cAMP-depleted epithelia were observed to define the actions of cAMP in this stimulatory process. At a concentration of 5 X 10(-4) M in the mucosal solution, Cu2+ inhibited the Isc 79.8% and reduced the Gt 39.2%. Isoproterenol produced an attenuated stimulation of the Isc in these tissues compared to untreated controls, but had no effect on the Gt. In tissues bathed bilaterally with Cl- -free Ringer, the Isc was virtually abolished and the Gt was reduced 37.0%; neither Cu2+ nor isoproterenol had any effects on the Isc or Gt under this condition. Simultaneous 2 2Na and 3 6 Cl unidirectional flux determinations indicated that the only effects of both isoproterenol and Cu2+ were on the active Cl- secretory flux. An inhibitor of adenylate cyclase, 2',5' dideoxyadenosine (DDA), reduced the Isc and Gt 39.8% and 20.8% respectively. This inhibitor had no additional effects in Cu2+ -treated tissues and the action of Cu2+ on the Gt was reduced in DDA-treated tissues.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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@article{Degnan1986CyclicAS, title={Cyclic AMP stimulation of Cl- secretion by the opercular epithelium: the apical membrane chloride conductance.}, author={Kevin J. Degnan}, journal={The Journal of experimental zoology}, year={1986}, volume={238 2}, pages={141-6} }