Cybotactic behavior in the de Vries smectic-A* liquid-crystal structure formed by a silicon-containing molecule.

Abstract

We have identified a metastable liquid-crystal (LC) structure in the de Vries smectic-A* phase (de Vries Sm-A*) formed by silicon-containing molecules under certain boundary conditions. The phase transition with the metastable structure was observed in a LC droplet placed on a planar aligned substrate and LCs confined in the groove of a silicon microchannel. During the rapid cooling step, a batonnet structure was generated as an intermediate and metastable state prior to the transition that yielded the thermodynamically stable toric focal conic domains. This distinctive behavior was characterized using depolarized reflection light microscopy and grazing incidence x-ray diffraction techniques. We concluded that the silicon groups in the molecules that formed the de Vries phase induced the formation of layered clusters called cybotactic structures. This observation is relevant to an exploration of the physical properties of cybotactic de Vries phases and gives a hint as to their optoelectronic applications.

Cite this paper

@article{Ryu2014CybotacticBI, title={Cybotactic behavior in the de Vries smectic-A* liquid-crystal structure formed by a silicon-containing molecule.}, author={Seong Ho Ryu and Tae Joo Shin and Tao Gong and Yongqiang Shen and Eva D Korblova and Renfan Shao and David M Walba and Noel A. Clark and Dong Ki Yoon}, journal={Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics}, year={2014}, volume={89 3}, pages={032502} }