Cyanobacteria, neurotoxins and water resources: Are there implications for human neurodegenerative disease?

  title={Cyanobacteria, neurotoxins and water resources: Are there implications for human neurodegenerative disease?},
  author={James S Metcalf and Geoffrey A. Codd},
  journal={Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis},
  pages={74 - 78}
  • J. MetcalfG. Codd
  • Published 1 January 2009
  • Environmental Science
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Abstract Cyanobacteria are cosmopolitan microbes that inhabit marine, freshwater and terrestrial environments. Under favourable conditions in waterbodies, they can form massive populations (blooms and scums), which present hazards to human and animal health. Such cyanobacteria often contain a variety of toxic substances (cyanotoxins) that can exist as both cell-associated and free forms in the surrounding water. Some cyanotoxins are highly neurotoxic and act through a variety of mechanisms… 

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