Cutting edge: primary B lymphocytes preferentially expand allogeneic FoxP3+ CD4 T cells.


Despite the unequivocal role of B lymphocytes as effecter cells in humoral immunity, studies have reported that B cells are tolerogenic. The impact of B cell-mediated tolerance and its underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. Using primary B cells as APCs and allogeneic CD4 T cells as responder cells in mixed leukocyte reactions, we find that B cells preferentially expand FoxP3(+) over FoxP3(-) CD4 T cells in the absence of exogenous cytokines. The preferential expansion of Foxp3(+) T cells is further enhanced by a partial blockade of class II MHC-TCR interaction but diminished by stimulatory anti-CD28 Ab or at high B to T cell ratios. Gamma irradiation of B cells selectively abrogates their ability to expand isolated CD25(+) but not CD25(-) CD4 T cells; exogenous IL-2 supplement can partially restore this function. B cell-expanded CD25(+) T cells express high levels of FoxP3 and are highly inhibitory in an Ag-specific manner.


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@article{Chen2007CuttingEP, title={Cutting edge: primary B lymphocytes preferentially expand allogeneic FoxP3+ CD4 T cells.}, author={Xinjian Chen and Peter Egede Jensen}, journal={Journal of immunology}, year={2007}, volume={179 4}, pages={2046-50} }