Cutaneous id reactions: A comprehensive review of clinical manifestations, epidemiology, etiology, and management

  title={Cutaneous id reactions: A comprehensive review of clinical manifestations, epidemiology, etiology, and management},
  author={Macit Ilkit and Murat Durdu and Mehmet Karakaş},
  journal={Critical Reviews in Microbiology},
  pages={191 - 202}
Id reactions are a type of secondary inflammatory reaction that develops from a remote localized immunological insult. To date, id reactions caused by various fungal, bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections have been reported. Superficial fungal infections, especially tinea pedis, are the most common cause of id reactions. Id reactions exhibit multiple clinical presentations, including localized or widespread vesicular lesions, maculopapular or scarlatiniform eruptions, erythema nodosum… 
Autosensitization dermatitis: A case of rosacea-like id reaction
Erythema multiforme after orf virus infection: a report of two cases and literature review
Determining the pathophysiology and relative contribution of host and viral factors contributing to EM and other orf-associated hypersensitivity reactions could facilitate the identification of risk factors and inform treatment decisions.
Infectious eczematoid dermatitis: a comprehensive review
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  • Medicine
    Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV
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Prognosis has improved since the advent of antibiotics, however, cases with multiple relapses and poor response to therapy are still observed, and the treatment centres on topical antibiotics and soaks.
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  • P. Mayser
  • Medicine, Biology
    Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete
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Topical combination of an antifungal and a glucocorticosteroid is effective and leads to an immediate reduction of inflammation and pruritus, especially if initiation of systemic antIFungal therapy has resulted in a flare-up reaction (overtreatment phenomenon).
Pustular tinea id reaction.
A 17-year-old adolescent girl presented to the dermatology clinic with a tender pruritic rash on the left wrist that was spreading to the bilateral arms and legs of several years’ duration, diagnosed as pustular tinea of the entire left wrist, followed by a generalized id reaction 1 week later.
Complete Remission of Squamous Cell Carcinoma After Treatment With Panitumumab in a Patient With Cetuximab-Induced Anaphylaxis.
An unusual case of a paradoxical reaction resembling, to some extent, the JHR, after treatment of dermatophyte infection with terbinafine is presented, with the patient denied pruritus and the exacerbation involved the primary lesions without production of any new ones.
A case of orf disease in a patient with scleroderma
An acute linear pruritic eruption following allergic contact dermatitis.
A 39-year-old man presented to the emergency department with an abscess in the left axilla that was treated with incision and drainage and a 10-day course of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and developed an acute, symmetric, pruritic eruption in previously unaffected skin on the arms and hands.


Erythema nodosum and erythema induratum (nodular vasculitis): diagnosis and management
Erythema nodosum is the most common type of panniculitis; it may be due to a variety of underlying infectious or otherwise antigenic stimuli, but may be associated with several other underlying disorders.
Orf-induced immunobullous disease: A distinct autoimmune blistering disorder.
Severe kerion with dermatophytid reaction presenting with diffuse erythema and pustules
To the authors' knowledge, there are no reports of patients with diffuse erythema and pustules secondary to kerion Celsi, and many types of ID reactions resembling pompholyx, eczema, erysipelas, ery thema multiforme and so on were reported.
Oral mucosal diseases: erythema multiforme.
Further amplification of the concept of dermatophytid. I. Erythema annulare centrifugum as a dermatophytid.
Dermatophytid is the name given the group of skin diseases resulting from allergic reactions to fungous infection of the skin—so-called dermatophytosis. The following minimal criteria must be
An Id reaction to Mycobacterium leprae: first documented case.
The patient's eruption was likely an id reaction to his Mycobacterium leprae infection, and its histomorphologic appearance was distinctive, showing elongated granulomata along with foci of incipient perineural granuloma formation, similar to the histomorphicologic appearance of tuberculoid leprosy.
In 1930, Epstein and Grunmandel presented a definitive work on the local immunoallergic changes occurring in tinea circinata and demonstrated by this method that local immunity occurred not only in the center of the resolving infection, but also in a zone around the fungous focus.
Papulonecrotic tuberculid: a neglected disease in Western countries.
Current knowledge of host response in human tinea
The known mechanisms and factors involved in human tinea and important for the host response are briefly delineated and Cellular defence mechanisms appear to be decisive for clearing of infection.
Über die Trichophytien
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