Cutaneous hemorrhage or necrosis findings after Vespa mandarinia (wasp) stings may predict the occurrence of multiple organ injury: A case report and review of literature*

@article{Yanagawa2007CutaneousHO,
  title={Cutaneous hemorrhage or necrosis findings after Vespa mandarinia (wasp) stings may predict the occurrence of multiple organ injury: A case report and review of literature*},
  author={Youichi Yanagawa and Kentarou Morita and Takao Sugiura and Yoshiaki Okada},
  journal={Clinical Toxicology},
  year={2007},
  volume={45},
  pages={803 - 807}
}
Data sources. We report one case and analyzed 15 Japanese cases concerning multiple organ failure induced by wasp stings. Data Extraction. Thirteen of 15 cases were associated with skin hemorrhage or necrosis after wasp stings. The mean number of stings (± standard error) in the patients who died (59 ± 12) was significantly greater than that in those who survived (28 ± 4, p=0.01). Conclusion. The occurrence of skin hemorrhage or necrosis after wasp stings is extremely rare and multiple organ… 

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