Curtain eruptions from Enceladus’ south-polar terrain

@article{Spitale2015CurtainEF,
  title={Curtain eruptions from Enceladus’ south-polar terrain},
  author={Joseph Nicholas Spitale and Terry Anthony Hurford and Alyssa Rose Rhoden and Emily E. Berkson and Symeon S. Platts},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2015},
  volume={521},
  pages={57-60}
}
Observations of the south pole of the Saturnian moon Enceladus revealed large rifts in the south-polar terrain, informally called ‘tiger stripes’, named Alexandria, Baghdad, Cairo and Damascus Sulci. These fractures have been shown to be the sources of the observed jets of water vapour and icy particles and to exhibit higher temperatures than the surrounding terrain. Subsequent observations have focused on obtaining close-up imaging of this region to better characterize these emissions. Recent… 
Sustained eruptions on Enceladus explained by turbulent dissipation in tiger stripes
  • E. Kite, A. Rubin
  • Geology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2016
TLDR
A model of the tiger stripes as tidally flexed slots that puncture the ice shell can simultaneously explain the persistence of the eruptions through the tidal cycle, the phase lag, and the total power output, while suggesting that eruptions are maintained over geological timescales.
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TLDR
The authors' results confirm a mixture of both low and high Mach gas emission from Enceladus' surface tiger stripes, with gas accelerated as fast as Mach 10 before escaping the surface.
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Abstract During three low-altitude (99, 66, 66 km) flybys through the Enceladus plume in 2010 and 2011, Cassini's ion neutral mass spectrometer (INMS) made its first high spatial resolution
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Modeling insights into the locations of density enhancements from the Enceladus water vapor jets
Monte Carlo modeling of the vapor erupting from Enceladus' south polar region is presented to demonstrate the influence of physical characteristics of the emitted vapor on the distribution of
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