Tissue-type plasminogen activator activity in morphologically normal tissues adjacent to gastrointestinal carcinomas is associated with the degree of tumor progression
Determinations of plaminogen activator (PA) activity are usually performed in Triton X-100-treated tissue homogenates or crude membrane fractions. Such preparations usually involve a single Triton X-100 treatment. In the present paper we describe the pattern of variability of PA activity measured in different fractions obtained from the developing chick CNS by a repetitive procedure of Triton X-100 treatment and ultracentrifugation. To further characterize this PA activity we have also performed zymographic analyses during the embryonic development and the early postnatal life. Our results show that: a) a single Triton X-100 treatment does not completely extract the enzyme and this lead to an underestimation of the total PA activity; b) the PA activity is associated with the particulate component of the total tissue homogenate requiring its complete solubilization more drastic Triton X-100 treatments; c) better estimations of total and specific activities are obtained by using soluble fractions derived by ultracentrifugation from Triton X-100-treated membrane fractions; d) the developing chick optic lobe expresses only one kind of PA molecule along the entire development; e) the level of PA activity vary characteristically during the ontogeny and the early postnatal life indicating the existence of a developmentally regulated mechanism of PA expression.