Current treatment options for esophageal diseases.

  title={Current treatment options for esophageal diseases.},
  author={Jan Martinek and J. Akiyama and Zuzana Vackov{\'a} and M. Mango Furnari and Vincenzo Savarino and Teus J. Weijs and E. G. Valitova and Sylvia van der Horst and Jelle Pieter Ruurda and Lucas Goense and George Triadafilopoulos},
  journal={Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences},
  volume={1381 1},
Exciting new developments-pharmacologic, endoscopic, and surgical-have arisen for the treatment of many esophageal diseases. Refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease presents a therapeutic challenge, and several new options have been proposed to overcome an insufficient effectiveness of proton pump inhibitors. In patients with distal esophageal spasm, drugs and endoscopic treatments are the current mainstays of the therapeutic approach. Treatment with proton pump inhibitors (or antireflux… CONTINUE READING