Current state of urological cryosurgery: prostate and kidney.

  title={Current state of urological cryosurgery: prostate and kidney.},
  author={David A. Levy and Anthony N Avallone and J. Stephen Jones},
  journal={BJU international},
  volume={105 5},
INTRODUCTION Prostate cancer continues to be the most prevalent cancer in American men and while the lifetime risk of mortality from the disease is ≈ 4%, we remain unable to identify which individuals actually harbour this risk. PSA measurements alone lack the sensitivity and specificity to identify men at risk for the disease, as well as in predicting organ-confined disease, yet it remains the best tool we have to date. Thus, we remain with the dilemma of who to biopsy, and if the biopsy is… CONTINUE READING

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Impact of disease

  • DA Levy, J Li, JS. Jones
  • 2009

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