Current noise in the vicinity of the 2D superconductor-insulator quantum critical point.

Abstract

Systems near to quantum critical points show universal scaling in response to external probes. We consider whether this scaling is reflected in their out-of-equilibrium fluctuations. We study current noise in the metallic state at the z=1 quantum critical point between a superconductor and an insulator in two dimensions. Using a Boltzmann-Langevin approach within a 1/N expansion, we show that the current noise obeys a universal scaling form S_{j}=TPhi[T/T_{eff}(E)], with T_{eff} proportional, variantsqrt[E]. This treatment recovers Johnson noise in thermal equilibrium and S_{j} proportional, variantsqrt[E] at strong electric fields. The latter differs significantly from both the shot noise in conventional metals (diffusive Fermi liquids) and the free carrier result, due to strong correlations between the critical bosonic excitations. Current-noise measurements could therefore help clarify the physics of the destruction of superconductivity in thin film superconductors.

Cite this paper

@article{Green2006CurrentNI, title={Current noise in the vicinity of the 2D superconductor-insulator quantum critical point.}, author={Alan G. Green and Joel E Moore and S. L. Sondhi and Ashvin Vishwanath}, journal={Physical review letters}, year={2006}, volume={97 22}, pages={227003} }