Current knowledge about the risks and benefits of raw meat-based diets for dogs and cats.

  title={Current knowledge about the risks and benefits of raw meat-based diets for dogs and cats.},
  author={Lisa M Freeman and Marge L. Chandler and Beth A Hamper and Lisa P. Weeth},
  journal={Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association},
  volume={243 11},
Vet Med Today: Timely Topics in Nutrition 1549 T feeding of RMBDs to dogs and cats has received increasing attention in recent years. The American Animal Hospital Association, AVMA, and Canadian Veterinary Medical Association have adopted statements discouraging the inclusion of raw or undercooked animalsource protein in dog and cat diets. The Delta Society’s Pet Partners Program expressed concern that pets in a therapy animal program could be shedding pathogens in the presence of… 

Raw diets for dogs and cats: a review, with particular reference to microbiological hazards

There is a recent trend to feed pet dogs and cats in Britain and other developed countries on raw meat and animal by‐products using either commercial preparations or home recipes, driven by perceived health benefits to pets and a suspicion of industrially produced pet food.

Raw Meat-Based Diets in Dogs and Cats

Investigation of the prevalence of Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Yersinia in commercial RMBDs from retail stores found these pathogens were also detected in the feces of dogs and cats, but the association with feeding R MBDs to them remained unclear.

The trend of raw meat-based diets: risks to people and animals

  • B. Hinney
  • Medicine, Business
    Veterinary Record
  • 2018
The feeding of raw meat-based diets to cats and especially dogs has an increasing number of followers, but this development is not without concern, as raw meat can be an important source of parasites, bacteria and viruses.

Microbiological Quality and Presence of Foodborne Pathogens in Raw and Extruded Canine Diets and Canine Fecal Samples

It is demonstrated that canine raw pet food might be a source of zoonotic foodborne pathogens that represent a health risk for both humans and pets.

Highly suspected cases of salmonellosis in two cats fed with a commercial raw meat-based diet: health risks to animals and zoonotic implications

This case highlights the health risks posed to both animals and owners by feeding RMBD to pets, and suggests that these risks should be considered by veterinary practitioners.

Plant-based diets for dogs and cats – an investigation of pet feeding practices, motivations and concerns

A large proportion (45%; 269/599) of pet keepers reported desire for evidence regarding nutritional adequacy of plant-based diets for pets; more research in this area is clearly warranted.

Raw meat-based diets for dogs: survey of owners’ motivations, attitudes and practices

Owners see RMBDs as a more natural and healthier alternative to commercial pet food even if the actual benefits remain unproven, and they often rely on questionable sources for advice on pet nutrition.

The raw deal: clarifying the nutritional and public health issues regarding raw meat-based diets

BARF diets, often referred to as ‘Biologically Appropriate Raw Food’ or ‘Bones And Raw Food,’ were popularised by Billinghurst in 1993 and current justification for the feeding of this diet stems from the belief that these species are healthier when fed as if still in the wild.

Vegan versus meat-based dog food: Guardian-reported indicators of health

The pooled evidence to date indicates that the healthiest and least hazardous dietary choices for dogs, are nutritionally sound vegan diets.

One veterinarian's experience with owners who are feeding raw meat to their pets.

  • L. Stogdale
  • Medicine
    The Canadian veterinary journal = La revue veterinaire canadienne
  • 2019
I n this opinion article, I discuss the approaches a veterinarian may take, and the consequences, when owners have decided, for whatever reasons, to feed their dog or cat a raw food diet, or to add



Public health concerns associated with feeding raw meat diets to dogs.

The purpose of the present article is to summarize the microbiologic infections dogs may acquire through consumption of raw or undercooked meats and meat by-products and suggestions on reducing the risks associated with these infections.

Assessment of commercial diets and recipes for home-prepared diets recommended for dogs with cancer.

Diet can alter cancer risk in humans and laboratory animals, and many investigators are exploring nutritional strategies to prevent cancer as well as aid in the treatment of cancer.

Evaluation of the Risks of Shedding Salmonellae and Other Potential Pathogens by Therapy Dogs Fed Raw Diets in Ontario and Alberta

It is recommended that dogs fed raw meat should be excluded from AAI programmes, particularly when the programmes involve interaction with humans at high risk of infection or adverse sequelae attributable to infection, because of increasing evidence that raw meat is frequently contaminated with Salmonella.

Update on Salmonella spp contamination of pet food, treats, and nutritional products and safe feeding recommendations.

  • K. KuKanich
  • Medicine
    Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
  • 2011
By keeping current on recalls and understanding the basics of how contamination with Salmonella spp can lead to disease, veterinarians can provide accurate and educated nutritional recommendations to clients as well as suggestions on public health and hygiene to minimize the risk of salmonellosis in their clients’ households.

Raw food diets in companion animals: a critical review.

Although there is a lack of large cohort studies to evaluate risk or benefit of raw meat diets fed to pets, there is enough evidence to compel veterinarians to discuss human health implications of these diets with owners.

Human health implications of Salmonella-contaminated natural pet treats and raw pet food.

Pet owners can reduce their risk of acquiring Salmonella organisms by not feeding natural pet treats and raw food diets to their pets, whereas individuals who investigate cases of salmonellosis or interpret surveillance data should be aware of these possible sources of Salmonelli organisms.

The Occurrence and Anti‐microbial Susceptibility of Salmonellae Isolated from Commercially Available Pig Ear Pet Treats

The prevalence observed during this study is lower than the prevalence observed in 1999, but pig ear treats should still be considered as a possible source of Salmonella and anti‐microbial resistant bacteria to humans and dogs in Canada.

Evaluation of recipes of home-prepared maintenance diets for dogs.

An evaluation of recipes for home-prepared diets for adult dogs conducted via computer-based software and compared with recommendations for essential nutrient intake in adult dogs as provided by the NRC and AAFCO is compared.

Perceptions, practices, and consequences associated with foodborne pathogens and the feeding of raw meat to dogs.

Responses to a questionnaire probing practices and beliefs regarding raw meat feeding that was administered to dog owners demonstrated that dog owners may either not be aware or refuse to acknowledge the risks associated with raw meat-feeding; thus, they may neglect to conduct adequate intervention strategies to prevent zoonoses among themselves and their families.

The Occurrence and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Salmonellae Isolated from Commercially Available Canine Raw Food Diets in Three Canadian Cities

The potential risk of raw food diets, especially for immunocompromised individuals, is demonstrated, and the need for implementing regulatory guidelines for the production of these diets is stressed in order to help control and ideally eliminate the bacterial risks associated with their use and consumption.