Current and potential management strategies against Harmonia axyridis

@article{Kenis2007CurrentAP,
  title={Current and potential management strategies against Harmonia axyridis},
  author={Marc Kenis and Helen E. Roy and Renate Zindel and Michael E. N. Majerus},
  journal={BioControl},
  year={2007},
  volume={53},
  pages={235-252}
}
This paper reviews the current and potential methods to control the harlequin ladybird, Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), an Asian predatory beetle invasive in Europe and the Americas where it has become a human nuisance, a grape and wine pest and a threat to native biodiversity. Current methods to manage this invasive species include: techniques to mechanically prevent adult beetles from entering buildings in autumn or to remove aggregates of beetles inside buildings, e.g… 
GOOD AND BAD TRAITS OF HARMONIA AXYRIDIS -FROM BIOLOGICAL CONTROL TO INVASION
TLDR
The relative merits of traits that are commonly associated with biological control agents (voracity, prey searching efficiency, tolerance to pesticides) along with those less often considered, but that are of equal importance, including overwintering potential, phenotypic adaptability and intraguild interactions with native aphidophagous species are discussed.
Populations of aphid natural enemies in agroecosystems, with special emphasis on the Multicoloured Asian Ladybird Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)
TLDR
It is shown that H. axyridis do not invade all Wallonia crops at the same rate because corn and broad bean are more invaded that wheat and potato at both larval and adult stages, and organic farming do not enhance abundance of H.Axyridis but lead to increase the total abundance of aphid natural enemies.
Harmonia axyridis: a threat to Brazilian Coccinellidae?
TLDR
Harmonia axyridis peak of abundance occurred in August and September 2007, probably influenced by the temperature and food availability, and may indicate their displacement.
The harlequin ladybird, Harmonia axyridis: global perspectives on invasion history and ecology
TLDR
An overview of the invasion history and ecology of H. axyridis globally with consideration of future research perspectives is provided.
Pollen as an alternative food for Harmonia axyridis
TLDR
The exploitation of pollen and other plant foods at times when insect prey is scarce, may offer a further competitive advantage to the non-indigenous coccinellid H. axyridis over native European predatory lady beetles that share the same niche and are less capable of using pollen as an alternative food.
Characterization of a newly established aggregation of the invasive ladybeetle Harmonia axyridis and current status of the invader in Spain
TLDR
The results establish clearly that H. axyridis is (until now) restricted to Catalonia (NE Spain) but the invading process is in progress and the insect is able to occupy different habitats and the invasion takes probably its origin from Southern France.
Invasion history, habitat preferences and phenology of the invasive ladybird Harmonia axyridis in Belgium
TLDR
The potential of H. axyridis to disrupt native ladybird assemblages in Belgium is discussed Based on recorded distribution, ecology and phenology, the potential to affect native species is higher for generalist, deciduous and coniferous tree ladybird species than for heathland and wetland specialist species.
Testing semiochemicals from aphid, plant and conspecific: attraction of Harmonia axyridis
TLDR
This study highlighted that Z,E‐nepetalactone orientated the Asian lady beetle H. axyridis under natural conditions, indicating that this volatile compound could certainly help for an efficient biological control approach against this invasive specie.
Living with the enemy: parasites and pathogens of the ladybird Harmonia axyridis
TLDR
An overview of the parasites and pathogens of coccinellids with a particular focus on H. axyridis as a host is provided and it is predicted that H.Axyridis could benefit from both enemy release and EICA within the introduced range but require further empirical evidence.
Potential impacts of Tuberolachnus salignus (giant willow aphid) in New Zealand and options for control
TLDR
The giant willow aphid Tuberolachnus salignus presents a unique problem for New Zealand's thriving honey and honey products industries and options for its control and management are presented.
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References

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TLDR
The ecology of and biological control by multicoloured Asian ladybird beetle, Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) are reviewed and the question on its present position, whether it is a biocontrol agent or pest, is a critical issue and discussed.
Toxicity of indoxacarb and spinosad to the multicolored Asian lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), via three routes of exposure.
TLDR
It is suggested that indoxacarb may decrease H. axyridis field populations by causing mortality to larvae and adults via all routes of exposure and possible reasons for the differences in susceptibility of H.Axyridis for each route of exposure are discussed.
The Multicoloured Asian Ladybird Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), a threat for native aphid predators in Belgium?
TLDR
Recent observations suggest that this species is now invading (semi-)natural ecosystems in Belgium and may become a potential threat for native ladybird species and other aphid predators.
Invasion history, habitat preferences and phenology of the invasive ladybird Harmonia axyridis in Belgium
TLDR
The potential of H. axyridis to disrupt native ladybird assemblages in Belgium is discussed Based on recorded distribution, ecology and phenology, the potential to affect native species is higher for generalist, deciduous and coniferous tree ladybird species than for heathland and wetland specialist species.
Efficacy of Selected Insecticides for Management of the Multicolored Asian Lady Beetle on Wine Grapes Near Harvest
TLDR
Based on the efficacy results, labeled insecticides, pre-harvest intervals, and the late-season influx of H. axyridis infestations, chemical control is currently limited to carbaryl, malathion, and/or imidacloprid.
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TLDR
A multicolored Asian lady beetle symposium was organized to bring together in one place the current information and research about the multicolORED Asian lady beetles’ history, life history, genetics, physiology, behavior, and pest management.
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TLDR
A review of the North American experience with H. axyridis focuses on these adverse impacts, which can be classified into three general categories: impacts on non-target arthropods, impacts on fruit production and impacts as a household invader.
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TLDR
The hypothesis that low susceptibility to pathogens in certain exotic lady beetles may have contributed to competitive establishment was supported and the impact of soil-applied nematodes may be lower on lady beetles than on soil-dwelling hosts because the former spends relatively less time on the soil.
Invasions by Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in the Western Hemisphere: implications for South America.
TLDR
The history of its invasion in the Western Hemisphere is reviewed, and various factors critical to the future invasion (i.e., arrival, establishment, and spread) of new areas of South America are addressed.
Phytophagous preferences of the multicolored Asian lady beetle (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) for autumn-ripening fruit.
TLDR
In autumn, it seems that H. axyridis is an opportunist, taking advantage of previously damaged fruit, caused by other agents, and shows a preference for damaged fruits over undamaged fruits.
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