Current Topics in Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson Disease.


There is a long history of surgical treatment for Parkinson disease (PD). After pioneering trials and errors, the current primary surgical treatment for PD is deep brain stimulation (DBS). DBS is a promising treatment option for patients with medically refractory PD. However, there are still many problems and controversies associated with DBS. In this review, we discuss current issues in DBS for PD, including patient selection, clinical outcomes, complications, target selection, long-term outcomes, management of axial symptoms, timing of surgery, surgical procedures, cost-effectiveness, and new technology.

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@article{Umemura2016CurrentTI, title={Current Topics in Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson Disease.}, author={Atsushi Umemura and Genko Oyama and Yasushi Shimo and Madoka Nakajima and Asuka Nakajima and Takayuki Jo and Satoko Sekimoto and Masanobu Ito and Takumi Mitsuhashi and Nobutaka Hattori and Hajime Arai}, journal={Neurologia medico-chirurgica}, year={2016}, volume={56 10}, pages={613-625} }