Current Status of Neurofeedback for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

  title={Current Status of Neurofeedback for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder},
  author={Nicholas Lofthouse and L. Eugene Arnold and Elizabeth A. Hurt},
  journal={Current Psychiatry Reports},
As conventional treatments offer incomplete benefit for over 33 % of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and many refuse to try them, additional treatments are needed. One of the most promising is neurofeedback (NF, EEG biofeedback), which trains the brain with real-time video/audio information about its electrical activity measured from scalp electrodes. Since 2010, data from 8 randomized controlled studies of NF have been published with overall mean effect sizes of… 
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[Neurofeedback for children with ADHD: a comparison of SCP- and theta/beta-protocols].
Both groups are able to voluntarily regulate cortical activity, with the extent of learned self-regulation depending on task and condition, and clinical effects for both groups remain stable six months after training.