Current Status of Neurofeedback for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

@article{Lofthouse2012CurrentSO,
  title={Current Status of Neurofeedback for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder},
  author={Nicholas Lofthouse and L. Eugene Arnold and Elizabeth A. Hurt},
  journal={Current Psychiatry Reports},
  year={2012},
  volume={14},
  pages={536-542}
}
As conventional treatments offer incomplete benefit for over 33 % of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and many refuse to try them, additional treatments are needed. One of the most promising is neurofeedback (NF, EEG biofeedback), which trains the brain with real-time video/audio information about its electrical activity measured from scalp electrodes. Since 2010, data from 8 randomized controlled studies of NF have been published with overall mean effect sizes of… 
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TLDR
The results indicate that NF effectively reduced inattention symptoms on parent rating scales and reaction time in neuropsychological tests, and imply that non-specific factors, such as behavioural contingencies, self-efficacy, structured learning environment and feed-forward processes, may also contribute to the positive behavioural effects induced by neurofeedback training.
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BACKGROUND For children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a reduction of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity by neurofeedback (NF) has been reported in several studies. But
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ABSTRACT Introduction: Neurofeedback is an alternative treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), but its efficacy is unknown. This narrative review examines rigorous studies
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TLDR
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