Current Approaches to Change Blindness

@article{Simons2000CurrentAT,
  title={Current Approaches to Change Blindness},
  author={Daniel J. Simons},
  journal={Visual Cognition},
  year={2000},
  volume={7},
  pages={1 - 15}
}
  • D. Simons
  • Published 1 January 2000
  • Psychology
  • Visual Cognition
Across saccades, blinks, blank screens, movie cuts, and other interruptions, observers fail to detect substantial changes to the visual details of objects and scenes. This inability to spot changes (“change blindness”) is the focus of this special issue of Visual Cognition. This introductory paper briefly reviews recent studies of change blindness, noting the relation of these findings to earlier research and discussing the inferences we can draw from them. Most explanations of change blindness… 

Change Blindness in the Absence of a Visual Disruption

In two experiments, it is demonstrated that change blindness can occur even in the absence of a visual disruption, and when changes are sufficiently gradual, the visible change signal does not seem to draw attention, and large changes can go undetected.

Memory for centrally attended changing objects in an incidental real-world change detection paradigm.

It is shown that change blindness for a conversation partner occurs in a variety of situations, and participants who noticed the substitution showed better memory for both pre- and post-change experimenters than participants who did not detect the change.

A Bayesian Approach to Change Blindness

It is suggested that the integration of information across saccades relies on principles of optimal—or Bayesian—inference, and that change blindness is a consequence of this strategy.

Gorillas in Our Midst: Sustained Inattentional Blindness for Dynamic Events

A new study builds on classic studies of divided visual attention to examine inattentional blindness for complex objects and events in dynamic scenes and suggests that the likelihood of noticing an unexpected object depends on the similarity of that object to other objects in the display and on how difficult the priming monitoring task is.

Evidence for Preserved Representations in Change Blindness

In three experiments, it is shown that people often do have a representation of some aspects of the pre-change scene even when they fail to report the change, and they appear to "discover" this memory and can explicitly report details of a changed object in response to probing questions.

Change detection.

Five aspects of visual change detection are reviewed; it is shown that under a variety of conditions observers are often unable to see large changes directly in their field of view, and it is argued that this "change blindness" indicates that focused attention is needed to detect change.

Change Detection in a Change Blindness Flicker Paradigm

This study explored trends in change detection within the change blindness (CB) flicker paradigm. A sample comprising 92 university students was tested for speed in change detection. A number of

Change blindness and inattentional blindness.

The central paradigms used to explore each phenomenon in a historical context are discussed and the central findings from each field are outlined and their implications for visual perception and attention are discussed.

Attenuated Change Blindness for Exogenously Attended Items in a Flicker Paradigm

When two scenes are alternately displayed, separated by a mask, even large, repeated changes between the scenes often go unnoticed for surprisingly long durations. Change blindness of this sort is
...

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