Intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) have been known to produce galactose-alpha1,4-galactose-beta1,4-glucose ceramide (Gb3) which plays a pivotal role in the mucosal immune response. In particular, Shiga-like toxins (Stx) can induce apoptosis of IECs in the development of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) through binding on Gb3. Therefore, it has been… (More)
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