Cumulative traumas and risk thresholds: 12-month PTSD in the World Mental Health (WMH) surveys.

@article{Karam2014CumulativeTA,
  title={Cumulative traumas and risk thresholds: 12-month PTSD in the World Mental Health (WMH) surveys.},
  author={Elie George Karam and Matthew J. Friedman and Eric D. Hill and Ronald C Kessler and Katie A. McLaughlin and Maria Vladimirovna Petukhova and Laura Kathryn Sampson and Victoria L. Shahly and Matthias C. Angermeyer and Evelyn J. Bromet and Giovanni de Girolamo and Ron de Graaf and Koen Demyttenaere and Finola Ferry and Silvia E. Florescu and Josep Maria Haro and Yanling He and Aim{\'e}e Nasser Karam and Norito Kawakami and Viviane Kovess-Masfety and Mar{\'i}a Elena Medina-Mora and Mark A. Oakley Browne and Jos{\'e} A. Posada-Villa and Arieh Y Shalev and Dan J. Stein and Maria Carmen Viana and Zahari Zarkov and Karestan C Koenen},
  journal={Depression and anxiety},
  year={2014},
  volume={31 2},
  pages={
          130-42
        }
}
BACKGROUND Clinical research suggests that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients exposed to multiple traumatic events (TEs) rather than a single TE have increased morbidity and dysfunction. Although epidemiological surveys in the United States and Europe also document high rates of multiple TE exposure, no population-based cross-national data have examined this issue. METHODS Data were analyzed from 20 population surveys in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey… CONTINUE READING
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