Cumulative human impacts on marine predators.

@article{Maxwell2013CumulativeHI,
  title={Cumulative human impacts on marine predators.},
  author={Sara M Maxwell and Elliott L Hazen and Steven J. Bograd and Benjamin S Halpern and Greg A. Breed and Barry A. Nickel and Nicole M. Teutschel and Larry B. Crowder and S. Benson and Peter H. Dutton and Helen Bailey and Michelle A. Kappes and Carey E Kuhn and M. J. Weise and Bruce R. Mate and Scott A Shaffer and Jason L. Hassrick and Robbins William Henry and Ladd M Irvine and Birgitte I McDonald and Patrick W. Robinson and Barbara A Block and Daniel P Costa},
  journal={Nature communications},
  year={2013},
  volume={4},
  pages={
          2688
        }
}
Stressors associated with human activities interact in complex ways to affect marine ecosystems, yet we lack spatially explicit assessments of cumulative impacts on ecologically and economically key components such as marine predators. Here we develop a metric of cumulative utilization and impact (CUI) on marine predators by combining electronic tracking data of eight protected predator species (n=685 individuals) in the California Current Ecosystem with data on 24 anthropogenic stressors. We… CONTINUE READING
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