Cumulative exposure to stimulants and immune function outcomes among HIV-positive and HIV-negative men in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study.

@article{Shoptaw2012CumulativeET,
  title={Cumulative exposure to stimulants and immune function outcomes among HIV-positive and HIV-negative men in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study.},
  author={Steven Shoptaw and Ronald C Stall and Jose Octavio Bordon and Uyen H Kao and Christopher Cox and Xiao-Feng Li and David G. Ostrow and Michael Plankey},
  journal={International journal of STD & AIDS},
  year={2012},
  volume={23 8},
  pages={576-80}
}
We examined associations between stimulant use (methamphetamine and cocaine) and other substances (nicotine, marijuana, alcohol and inhaled nitrites) with immune function biomarkers among HIV-seropositive (HIV +) men taking highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART) and HIV-seronegative (HIV-) men in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study. Among HIV + men, cumulative adherence to ART (4.07, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.52, 4.71, per 10 years of adherent ART use), and recent cohort enrolment (1.38… CONTINUE READING
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