Cumulative energy demand for small molecule and polymer photovoltaics

  title={Cumulative energy demand for small molecule and polymer photovoltaics},
  author={Annick Anctil and Callie W. Babbitt and Ryne P. Raffaelle and Brian J. Landi},
  journal={Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications},
Organic photovoltaics (OPVs) are expected to be a low cost, environmentally friendly energy solution with advantageous properties such as flexibility and light weight that enable their use in new applications. Considerable progress in power conversion efficiencies has brought OPV technology closer to commercialization. However, little consideration has been given to potential environmental impact associated with their production. Although environmental life cycle studies of OPV exist, their… 

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