Cumulative effects model: a response to Williams (1994)

  title={Cumulative effects model: a response to Williams (1994)},
  author={John E. R. Staddon and Daniel G. Davis and Armando D Machado and R. G. Palmer},
  journal={Psychological review},
  volume={101 4},
The cumulative effects (CE) model explains free-operant choice by the ratio of total numbers of responses and reinforcements, a probability-like variable. Williams (1994) argues that the model is vulnerable to experiments that disprove melioration, a local probability model. The authors note critical differences between the nonlocal CE model and local… CONTINUE READING