Cumulative Childhood Stress and Autoimmune Diseases in Adults

@article{Dube2009CumulativeCS,
  title={Cumulative Childhood Stress and Autoimmune Diseases in Adults},
  author={Shanta R. Dube and DeLisa Fairweather and William S. Pearson and Vincent J. Felitti and Robert F. Anda and Janet B. Croft},
  journal={Psychosomatic Medicine},
  year={2009},
  volume={71},
  pages={243-250}
}
Objective: To examine whether childhood traumatic stress increased the risk of developing autoimmune diseases as an adult. Methods: Retrospective cohort study of 15,357 adult health maintenance organization members enrolled in the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) Study from 1995 to 1997 in San Diego, California, and eligible for follow-up through 2005. ACEs included childhood physical, emotional, or sexual abuse; witnessing domestic violence; growing up with household substance abuse… Expand
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