Cultures and Selves

  title={Cultures and Selves},
  author={Hazel Rose Markus and Shinobu Kitayama},
  journal={Perspectives on Psychological Science},
  pages={420 - 430}
The study of culture and self casts psychology’s understanding of the self, identity, or agency as central to the analysis and interpretation of behavior and demonstrates that cultures and selves define and build upon each other in an ongoing cycle of mutual constitution. In a selective review of theoretical and empirical work, we define self and what the self does, define culture and how it constitutes the self (and vice versa), define independence and interdependence and determine how they… 

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