Culture in whales and dolphins

@article{Rendell2001CultureIW,
  title={Culture in whales and dolphins},
  author={Luke Rendell and Hal Whitehead},
  journal={Behavioral and Brain Sciences},
  year={2001},
  volume={24},
  pages={309 - 324}
}
Studies of animal culture have not normally included a consideration of cetaceans. However, with several long-term field studies now maturing, this situation should change. Animal culture is generally studied by either investigating transmission mechanisms experimentally, or observing patterns of behavioural variation in wild populations that cannot be explained by either genetic or environmental factors. Taking this second, ethnographic, approach, there is good evidence for cultural… 
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  • L. Rendell, H. Whitehead
  • Biology, Medicine
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 2003
TLDR
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Group living has a number of potential ecological and animal welfare benefits. The social environment of the 90 or so species (http://www.iucn-csg.org/index.php/status-of-the-worlds-cetaceans/) of
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TLDR
Using mitochondrial DNA analyses, it is shown that sponging shows an almost exclusive vertical social transmission within a single matriline from mother to female offspring, adding a new dimension to charting cultural phenomena among animals.
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The evidence to support the notion that cetaceans should be regarded as intelligent animals is reviewed here and is best developed for some odontocete species, although recent studies on minke whales show that the behaviour of baleen whales may be more complex than previously thought.
Vocal culture and social stability in resident killer whales (Orcinus orca)
The killer whale (Orcinus orca) is one of the few species for which vocal culture is actively involved in the development and maintenance of the social organizations of populations. In particular,
A Pacific Culture among Wild Baboons: Its Emergence and Transmission
TLDR
A troop of savanna baboons studied since 1978 is examined, finding that because of circumstances of the outbreak, it was more aggressive males who died, leaving a cohort of atypically unaggressive survivors, and these behavioral patterns persisted a decade later.
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