Culture-bound dissociation: a comparative analysis.

@article{Somer2006CultureboundDA,
  title={Culture-bound dissociation: a comparative analysis.},
  author={Eli Somer},
  journal={The Psychiatric clinics of North America},
  year={2006},
  volume={29 1},
  pages={
          213-26, x-xi
        }
}
  • E. Somer
  • Published 2006
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Psychiatric clinics of North America
Pathologic dissociation has been defined as a ‘‘disturbance or alteration in the normally integrated functions of identity, memory or consciousness’’ [1] and as having a probable post-traumatic etiology [2,3]. The concept has generated considerable controversy that is centered on whether dissociative disorders (in particular, dissociative identity disorder) are valid clinical diagnoses [4,5] and on the import of the increased number of diagnosed cases in North America [6]. Somemental health… Expand
The Ecology of Dissociation: Detachment of Psyche and Society
The subject of this Clinical Case Study is dissociation, a concept that dates back over two hundred years, though its definition and etiology continue to inspire much disagreement and debate.Expand
The Cross-Cultural Assessment of Dissociation
Dissociation is a human capacity that can fulfill an adaptive or maladaptive function in specific circumstances, and which appears to be particularly recruited as a response to trauma in mostExpand
The Legitimacy and Etiology of Dissociative Identity Disorder
There exists a significant amount of disputation surrounding both the legitimacy and etiology of dissociative identity disorder (DID); two separate conflicts that are not mutually exclusive. It isExpand
Psychological Interventions for Dissociative disorders
Dissociative disorders as described by ICD 10 include a range of disorders and combine what are conversion disorders (assumed under somatoform disorders in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of MentalExpand
Dissociative Symptoms and Reported Trauma Among Patients with Spirit Possession and Matched Healthy Controls in Uganda
TLDR
In conclusion, spirit possession deserves more interest as a possible idiom of distress and a culture-specific expression of dissociation related to potential traumatizing events. Expand
Dissociative disorders and possession experiences in Israel: A comparison of opiate use disorder patients, Arab women subjected to domestic violence, and a nonclinical group
TLDR
Statistics suggest that dissociative disorders and ESP/trance experiences may share an underlying construct and further research is needed on trauma and dissociation among female victims of domestic abuse in patriarchal, collectivist societies, particularly in the Arab world. Expand
An updated review on the neuropsychological profile of subjects with bipolar disorder
Background In recent years, growing interest in the neuropsychology of bipolar disorder has emerged, giving rise to the accumulation of a robust body of evidence on this topic and to several relatedExpand
Clinical Patterns of Dissociative Disorder in In- Patients from Dakshina Kannada District across Two Decades: A Retrospective Study in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Background: Dakshina Kannada (D.K.), a coastal district of Karnataka, is a pilgrimage centre. It has many shrines and is rich in culture and tradition. Hence, trance and possession disorders areExpand
Integrative Psychodynamic Treatment of Ataque de Nervios
With the evolving demographics in the U.S. population, Latinos are the largest racial/ethnic community in the United States and face many barriers to psychological well-being and overall health. SomeExpand
Jinn Possession in Mental Health Disorder 1
The understanding of mental health disorder varies across cultures (Somer, 2006). The differences can arise from the difference in understanding or modelling of the human e.g. the concept of psyche,Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 114 REFERENCES
Transcultural aspects of dissociative and somatoform disorders.
  • J. Escobar
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Psychiatric clinics of North America
  • 1995
TLDR
Future work using instruments such as the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) that include a more culturally congruent list of somatizing symptoms may shed new light on the international distribution and mechanisms at play in these symptom presentations. Expand
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Dissociative identity disorder (DID), formerly known as multiple personality disorder (MPD), is a complex, chronic, posttraumatic dissociative psychopathology (Kluft, 1987a; Loewenstein, 1991)Expand
The Persistence of Folly: A Critical Examination of Dissociative Identity Disorder. Part I. The Excesses of an Improbable Concept
  • A. Piper, H. Merskey
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie
  • 2004
TLDR
There is no proof for the claim that DID results from childhood trauma and the condition cannot be reliably diagnosed, and it is best understood as a culture-bound and often iatrogenic condition. Expand
Reply: The Persistence of Folly: A Critical Examination of Dissociative Identity Disorder
Dear Editor: This letter is in reply to Dr Piper's and Dr Merskey 's 2 papers on the "folly" of the concept of dissociative identity disorder (DID) (1,2). Psychiatrists are, of course, entitled toExpand
The Proposed DSM-IV Trance and Possession Disorder Category
&dquo;Non-Western&dquo; cultures, which make up 80% of the world and onethird of the population of the United States, exhibit culturallypatterned dissociative syndromes (characterized by prominentExpand
Dissociation : clinical and theoretical perspectives
Part I: Theoretical and Research Perspectives. E. Cardena, The Domain of Dissociation. E.R. Hilgard, Neodissociation Theory. E.Z. Woody, K.S. Bowers, A Frontal Assault on Dissociated Control. F.H.Expand
Dissociation in hypnosis and multiple personality disorder.
  • K. Bowers
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis
  • 1991
TLDR
A neodissociative view of hypnosis is employed to help understand the current epidemic of multiple personality disorder (MPD) and it is argued that many symptoms of MPD are implicitly suggested effects--particularly prone to occur in persons who have a lifelong tendency to use dissociative type defenses. Expand
Disintegrated experience: the dissociative disorders revisited.
TLDR
It is concluded that further work on dissociative processes will provide an important link between clinical and experimental approaches to human cognition, emotion, and personality. Expand
Multiple Personality: An Exercise in Deception
Multiple personality syndrome is being diagnosed and treated in the United States in ever increasing numbers. Indeed, it is alleged that the incidence of this bizarre and striking disorder hasExpand
Classification of the Culture-Bound Reactive Syndromes*
During the last decade rising interest has been evident in the subject of comparative, or transcultural, psychiatry. I have been able to examine some of the basic issues in this field and to studyExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...