Culture as Class Symbolization or Mass Reification? A Critique of Bourdieu's Distinction

@article{Gartman1991CultureAC,
  title={Culture as Class Symbolization or Mass Reification? A Critique of Bourdieu's Distinction},
  author={David Gartman},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  year={1991},
  volume={97},
  pages={421 - 447}
}
  • D. Gartman
  • Published 1 September 1991
  • Art
  • American Journal of Sociology
Pierre Bourdieu's theory of culture as a system of symbols furthering a misrecognition of class is critically compared to the Frankfurt school's theory of culture as reifying cimmodities furthering an unrecognition of class. Because of their approaches to history, both theories recognize only part of the complex reality of modern capitalist culture. Bourdieu's ahistorical structuralism fails to grasp the historical changes produced in culture by capitalism, while critical theory's essentialism… 

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