Culture and the categorization of emotions.

  title={Culture and the categorization of emotions.},
  author={James A. Russell},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  volume={110 3},
  • J. Russell
  • Published 1 November 1991
  • Psychology, Sociology
  • Psychological bulletin
Some writers assume--and others deny--that all human beings distinguish emotions from nonemotions and divide the emotions into happiness, anger, fear, and so on. A review of ethnographic and cross-cultural studies on (a) emotion lexicons, (b) the emotions inferred from facial expressions, and (c) dimensions implicit in comparative judgments of emotions indicated both similarities and differences in how the emotions are categorized in different languages and cultures. Five hypotheses are… 

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