Culture and stigma: adding moral experience to stigma theory.

  title={Culture and stigma: adding moral experience to stigma theory.},
  author={Lawrence H. Yang and Arthur M. Kleinman and Bruce G. Link and Jo C. Phelan and Sing Lee and Byron J. Good},
  journal={Social science \& medicine},
  volume={64 7},
Stigma: a social, cultural and moral process.
It is argued that the study of stigma has focused too heavily on psychological approaches and has neglected to sufficiently incorporate understandings of stigma and stigmatised individuals as embedded in local moral contexts.
The Implications of Stigma for Institutional Violence
The relevance of the stigma term is currently being debated in the advocacy community. This debate questions the utility of the term as a means of conceptualizing the separation and discrimination of
A history of stigma : towards a sociology of mental illness and American psychiatry
American psychiatry's effort to de-stigmatize itself through campaigns to reduce the stigma of mental illness is revealed through genealogical discourse analysis.
Labeling and Stigma
The chapter addresses the stigma associated with mental illnesses. It begins by summarizing the development of thinking about labeling and stigma over the past half century within the field of the
What matters most': stigma towards severe mental disorders in Chile, a theory-driven, qualitative approach.
The cultural underpinnings that create and maintain stigmatizing attitudes towards severe mental illness in Chile are explored and interventions should aim to address these norms and incorporate culturally salient protective factors to reduce stigma.
Stigma and Stigmatization
As Weiss and Ramakrishna noted in 2006, stigma is “a social process or personal experience characterized by exclusion, rejection, blame or devaluation that results from experience or reasonable
A theoretical and empirical framework for constructing culture-specific stigma instruments for Chile.
A new formulation of how culture affects stigma is proposed to create psychometrically-validated tools to assess stigma's culture-specific effects and to aid efforts to address culture- specific forms of stigma in Chile and other Latin American contexts.
'Face' and the embodiment of stigma in China: the cases of schizophrenia and AIDS.
The Implications of Stigma for Institutionalized Violence
The retirement of the stigma term is currently up for debate among advocacy groups. This debate questions the relevance and utility of the term for the conceptualization of discriminatory treatment
Stigma as Social Control: Gender-Based Violence Stigma, Life Chances, and Moral Order in Kenya
The stigma associated with gender-based violence (GBV) exacerbates its physical and mental health impacts, as well as the chances of experiencing additional violence. We extend understanding of this


The Paradox of Self-Stigma and Mental Illness
Published narratives by persons with serious mental illness eloquently describe the harmful effects of stigma on self-esteem and self-efficacy. However, a more careful review of the research
HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination: a conceptual framework and implications for action.
Stigma and mental disorder: Conceptions of illness, public attitudes, personal disclosure, and social policy
It is argued that attitudes and policy regarding mental disorder reflect, in microcosmic form, two crucial issues for the next century and millennium: tolerance for diversity (vs. pressure for conformity) and the intentional direction of the authors' species' evolution, given fast-breaking genetic advances.
The social psychology of stigma.
This chapter addresses the psychological effects of social stigma by reviewing and organizing recent theory and empirical research within an identity threat model of stigma, which posits that situational cues, collective representations of one's stigma status, and personal beliefs and motives shape appraisals of the significance of stigma-relevant situations for well-being.
On the stigma of mental illness: Practical strategies for research and social change.
Serious mental illness is a two-edged sword: it challenges those affected not only with disability but also with unjust social stigma, which denies them opportunities to work, live independently, and
Measuring mental illness stigma.
This article reviews 123 empirical articles published between January 1995 and June 2003 that have sought to assess mental illness stigma and identifies commonly used and promising measures and describes those measures in more detail so that readers can decide whether the described measures might be appropriate for their studies.
Stigmatizing attitudes towards individuals with mental illness in Hong Kong
The literature suggests that stigmatizing attitudes in the community will affect lives and recovery of people with mental illness. This is particularly serious and obvious in Chinese societies where
Experience of social stigma by people with schizophrenia in Hong Kong
Interpersonal (especially intrafamilial) stigma was pervasive, hard to avoid and devastating to patients with schizophrenia and patients with diabetes mellitus in Hong Kong.
Structural levels of mental illness stigma and discrimination.
This article applies the concepts of structural discrimination to broaden the authors' understanding of stigmatizing processes directed at people with mental illness to discuss the implications of structural models for advancing the understanding of mental illness stigma.
Suffering and its professional transformation: toward an ethnography of interpersonal experience
A framework of indigenous Chinese categories for the analysis of experience is described — mianzi (face), quanxi (connections), renqing (situated emotion), bao (reciprocity) and a discussion of the existential limits of this and other anthropological approaches to the study of experience as moral process.