Culture, brain death, and transplantation.

  title={Culture, brain death, and transplantation.},
  author={Kerry W. Bowman and Shawn A. Richard},
  journal={Progress in transplantation},
  volume={13 3},
          211-5; quiz 216-7
From the social sciences, we know the space between life and death is historically and culturally constructed, fluid and open to dispute. The definition of death has cultural, legal, and political dimensions. As healthcare becomes more culturally diverse, the interface between culture and the delivery of healthcare will increase. In our increasingly pluralistic, interdependent society, there is a growing demand to integrate healthcare, including transplantation, into a broader context that… 
Cultural considerations for Canadians in the diagnosis of brain death
The findings call for a greater analysis of the cultural influences on the concept of brain death and organ donation as a means of building a better understanding and respect for cultural diversity.
East–West Differences in Perception of Brain Death
Why and whether there might be differences between East and West in the acceptance of the brain death concept requires further empirical testing, which would help inform policy-making and facilitate communication between providers and patients from different cultural and ethnic backgrounds.
Attitudes toward Death and Brain Death among Turkey's Physicians: A Brief Research Report
The authors suggest that the brain death issue must be discussed by physicians, other professionals in Turkish society, and the general public so to reach a better concensus.
Acceptance in Theory but not Practice – Chinese Medical Providers’ Perception of Brain Death
Notwithstanding scarce official accounts, recognition of the brain death standard is not uncommon in China and Chinese medical providers can adequately define the medical characteristics of brain death and accept it in theory, but hesitate to apply it to practice in the vignettes.
The Soul: Why Medical Practitioners and Islamic Scholars Do Not Accept Brain Death Concept
The arguments pertaining to the soul which have been used in rejecting the concept and diagnosis of brain death will be discussed.
The Roles of a Bioethicist on an Organ Transplantation Service
  • L. Wright, K. Ross, A. Daar
  • Medicine, Political Science
    American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons
  • 2005
The various roles of a bioethicist on a transplantation service are outlined, using case examples to illustrate some of the ethical issues.
The ethical implications and religious significance of organ transplantation payment systems
  • H. Smith
  • Medicine
    Medicine, health care, and philosophy
  • 2016
A priori and empirical investigation concludes that financial payment of donors in return for organs are ethically inadequate and a new methodological approach towards policy formation and implementation is proposed which places ethical concerns at its core.
Cultural Aspects of Transplantation
  • Sheila Lahijani, R. Garcia
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Psychosocial Care of End-Stage Organ Disease and Transplant Patients
  • 2018
Understanding the complex interplay of these components of culture may inform clinical decision making in transplantation, allow providers to provide more nuanced and individualized care to their patients, and contribute to better transplant outcomes.
Cultural Attitudes towards Death Practices, the Body after Death and Life afterDeath in Deceased Organ Donation - A UK Polish Migrant Perspective
Investigating the views of the Polish migrants, a fast growing community, toward organ donation, death practices and the deceased body, in the UK finds being aware of this community's perspective may aid healthcare professionals when discussing deceased organ donation with potential donor families.
Organ Transplantation and Magical Thinking
  • M. Vamos
  • Medicine
    The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry
  • 2010
It is suggested that focusing not only on the logical and scientific, but also on the ambiguous and magical may enhance the organ donation process and thus increase donation rates and the psychological adjustment of transplant recipients.


Culture, conflict, and cost. Perspectives on brain death in Japan.
  • E. Feldman
  • Medicine, Political Science
    International journal of technology assessment in health care
  • 1994
Japanese surgeons have performed only one heart transplant in the quarter century since the procedure was developed, and the lack of a brain death standard limits the availability of transplantable organs.
Death in technological time: locating the end of meaningful life.
  • M. Lock
  • Sociology
    Medical anthropology quarterly
  • 1996
It is argued that the institutionalization and legitimization of "brain death" as the end of life in North America have been justified by a dominant discourse in which it is asserted that if certain measurable criteria are fulfilled, an individual can be declared scientifically dead.
Essays in Medical Sociology: Journeys into the Field
This outstanding collection of essays by Renee C. Fox encompasses almost thirty years of original, pioneering research in the sociology of medicine. Based on fieldwork in a variety of medical
Influence of religious and spiritual values on the willingness of Chinese–Americans to donate organs for transplantation
The results suggest that Chinese–Americans are indeed influenced by Confucian values, and to a lesser extent, Buddhist, Daoist, and other spiritual beliefs, that associate an intact body with respect for ancestors or nature.
Illness and culture in contemporary Japan : an anthropological view
This book discusses medical pluralism, the role of Japenese religions in medicine, and medical roles of Japanese religions in a historical-symbolic interpretation.
Changing patterns of death and dying.
  • C. Seale
  • Medicine
    Social science & medicine
  • 2000
Legal status of brain death in Japan: why many Japanese do not accept "brain death" as a definition of death.
Why many Japanese do not accept 'brain death' as a definition of death of a person is the main purpose of the paper today.
When is "dead"?
The Institute of Medicine examined the medical and ethical balance between steps to ensure the availability of as many organs in the best condition for the transplant and the rights of patients who may become donors to the highest quality of care separate from extraneous conditions such as donor organ supply to recommend a five-minute interval.
Essays On The Anthropology Of Reason
This collection of essays explains the author's project to anthropologize the West. His goal is to exoticize the Western constitution of reality, emphasize those domains most taken for granted as