Cultural myths and supports for rape.

  title={Cultural myths and supports for rape.},
  author={Martha R. Burt},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  volume={38 2},
  • M. Burt
  • Published 1980
  • Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
This article describes the "rape myth" and tests hypotheses derived from social psychological and feminist theory that acceptance of rape myths can be predicted from attitudes such as sex role stereotyping, adversarial sexual beliefs, sexual conservatism, and acceptance of interpersonal violence. Personality characteristics, background characteristics, and personal exposure to rape, rape victims, and rapists are other factors used in predictions. Results from regression analysis of interview… 
The Role of Gender, Violence, and Sexism
This study investigates the structure of Struckman-Johnson and StruckmanJohnson’s Male Rape Myth Scale, examines gender differences in rape myth acceptance, and explores the underlying ideologies
Male Rape Myths
In exploratory analyses, men are more accepting of male rape myths than are women, and the attitudes that facilitate rape myth acceptance against men appear to be similar to those that facilitate Rape Myth acceptance against women.
Rape Myth Consistency and Gender Differences in Perceiving Rape Victims
This meta-analysis examines the moderating influences of various rape victim, perpetrator, and crime characteristics’ rape myth consistency on gender differences in individuals’ perceptions of rape victims and indicated that, overall, men perceived rape victims more negatively than women did.
Attitudes Toward Rape and Victims of Rape
  • K. Boakye
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of interpersonal violence
  • 2009
Results from a survey conducted in Ghana show some support for the feminist theory of rape: There is evidence of rape myth acceptance in Ghana; gender is significant in predicting levels ofrape myth acceptance; and education or profession and age, but not religion, are associated with levels of rape Myth acceptance in a predictable way.
Oppression Through Acceptance?
The hypotheses that individuals' scores on sex-based oppression and intergroup dominance measures will improve the predictive models for RMA and attitudes toward rape and rape victims are tested and are supported.
Effects of a Human Sexuality Course on Attitudes Toward Rape and Violence
Researchers have indicated that false beliefs about rape, known as rape myths, are widely accepted and provide cultural support for the occurrence of rape. We examined changes in college students'
Perceptions of Rape and Sexual Assault Among Australian Adolescents and Young Adults
This study expands the empirical and theoretical understanding of attitudes toward rape victims. Six hundred and eight adolescents and young adults were given three brief questionnaires assessing
Attitudinal antecedents of rape myth acceptance: A theoretical and empirical reexamination.
M. R. Burt (1980) concluded that acceptance of rape myths was strongly related to adversarial sexual beliefs, tolerance of interpersonal violence, and gender role stereotyping. However, the scales
Beyond Rape Myths: A More Complex View of Perceptions of Rape Victims
This research examined personal beliefs and perceptions of cultural stereotypes surrounding rape victims. Students (ages 18–21) at a primarily Caucasian University listed either their personal
Assessment of Rape-Supportive Attitudes and Beliefs in College Men
The development and psychometric analysis of a measure of rape-supportive attitudes and beliefs called the Rape Attitudes and Beliefs Scale (RABS), intended for the use with college men, demonstrated differential power to predict sexual aggression.