Cultural change after migration: Circumcision of girls in Western migrant communities.

@article{Johnsdotter2016CulturalCA,
  title={Cultural change after migration: Circumcision of girls in Western migrant communities.},
  author={Sara Johnsdotter and Birgitta Ess{\'e}n},
  journal={Best practice \& research. Clinical obstetrics \& gynaecology},
  year={2016},
  volume={32},
  pages={
          15-25
        }
}
This paper reviews the current knowledge on cultural change after migration in the practice of female circumcision, also named genital cutting or mutilation. Explorative studies show trends of radical change of this practice, especially the most extensive form of its kind (type III or the 'Pharaonic' type). The widespread interpretation that Islam would require circumcision of girls is questioned when, for example, Somalis meet other Muslim migrants, such as Arab Muslims, who do not circumcise… Expand
Blurred transitions of female genital cutting in a Norwegian Somali community
TLDR
The study findings indicate that the experience of FGC as a practice in transition implies that people have to maneuver between different and partly contradictory social norms, and that to ensure further progress in the abandonment of the practice, these complex and interconnected expectations must be addressed. Expand
The Cut in Conflict: Female Genital Mutilation and the Concept of Religious Violence in the Western World
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is both a concurrent and historical practice, manifesting in geographically diverse regions and across different religious groups. Wherever it is practiced, the ritualExpand
Postmigratory Perceptions of Female Genital Mutilation: Qualitative Life History Research
TLDR
The aim of the present study is to explore the experiences and perceptions of sub-Saharan women regarding FGM/C following migration to Spain, and to demystify the justifications for which FGM was practiced and to break the taboo that surrounds the practice. Expand
The Impact of Migration on Attitudes to Female Genital Cutting and Experiences of Sexual Dysfunction Among Migrant Women with FGC
TLDR
Care for women with FGC needs to be holistic and, while offering medical care when needed, the health care providers should avoid feeding into self-depreciatory body images and notions about lost ability to enjoy sexual life. Expand
Regulation and Resistance: Negotiation of Premarital Sexuality in the Context of Migrant and Refugee Women
TLDR
Identifying migrant and refugee women’s experiences and constructions of premarital sexuality is essential for culturally safe sexual health practice, health promotion, and health education. Expand
Leadership among Women Working to Eradicate Female Genital Mutilation: The Impact of Environmental Change in Transcultural Moments
TLDR
The transcultural process through which immigrant women who have experienced female genital mutilation become leaders against this practice is described to describe the cultural pressure that sustains this practice in individual minds, institutions, structures, and bodies. Expand
The Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)- Migration Matrix
TLDR
The authors illustrate the multifaceted nature of the relationship between FGM and population mobility and demonstrate that issues such as the migrant journey, integration with host communities and importance of FGM as an identity marker require further research. Expand
“You take the private part of her body, … you are taking a part of her life”: Voices of circumcised African migrant women on female genital circumcision (FGC) in Australia
TLDR
Findings show that the participating African migrant women know the reasons behind female genital circumcision, are living with the negative consequences of FGC, and have a zero tolerance attitude toward the practice. Expand
Reparative Approaches in Medicine and the Different Meanings of "Reparation" for Women with FGM/C in a Migratory Context
Purpose: Based on two instances of qualitative research, this paper aims to develop some considerations on the meanings given by women to the term “reparation” after female genital mutilation/cuttingExpand
The mothering experience of women with FGM/C raising ‘uncut’ daughters, in Ivory Coast and in Canada
TLDR
Women with FGM/C who are raising ‘uncut’ daughters in their homeland and in their country of immigration vastly report a positive experience, however, they also face specific challenges related to immigration, psychosocial, and psychosexual considerations, which must be tackled from a multidisciplinary perspective. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 63 REFERENCES
When female circumcision comes to the West: Attitudes toward the practice among Somali Immigrants in Oslo
TLDR
The study reveals that Somalis in Oslo demonstrate a trend to abandon this practice over time, and the 30% of the people who still support its continuation, and who are primarily newly arrived immigrants, require a targeted intervention that is implemented in the early phase of the immigrants' arrival. Expand
Attitudes toward female circumcision among Somali immigrants in Oslo: a qualitative study
TLDR
Findings from this qualitative study indicate that Somalis in Oslo have, to a large extent, changed their attitude toward the practice of female circumcision and the process of abandonment of FC among immigrants in the Western countries. Expand
Successful cultural change: the example of female circumcision among Israeli Bedouins and Israeli Jews from Ethiopia.
  • R. Belmaker
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Israel journal of psychiatry and related sciences
  • 2012
TLDR
The conclusion of this study was that the severity of the operation performed had no relation to the social and cultural adherence to the operation, since the Ethiopian Jews who practiced a more severe form of theoperation intended to abandon this practice while the Muslim Bedouin who had a much milder form intended to continue it. Expand
Somali women in western exile: Reassessing female circumcision in the light of Islamic teachings
What happens to the practice of female circumcision among Muslims who live in Western countries and who come from countries where the tradition still exists? This article examines the practice ofExpand
Perceptions and experiences of female genital mutilation after immigration to Sweden: an explorative study.
TLDR
Findings indicate that women originating from communities where FGM is normative live in a context in which the practice is viewed as an important aspect of life even after immigration, and more research concerning this complex and deeply rooted cultural issue is recommended. Expand
Female Circumcision: Toward an Inclusive Practice of Care
TLDR
Findings from a qualitative study that examined the lives of Somali Muslim women who were circumcised found a reoccurring theme of resentment toward North American health care practitioners who condemn the women for having experienced the practice of circumcision in their birth country. Expand
Created by God: How Somalis in Swedish Exile Reassess the Practice of Female Circumcision
'Created by God' presents the views of Swedish Somalis on female circumcision and contrasts it to the Swedish public discourse on the issue. Despite the lack of documented illegal cases of femaleExpand
How to deal with female circumcision as a health issue in the Nordic countries
TLDR
FGC has deep and complex social and cultural roots that it cannot ignore when discussing how to best deal with FGC as a health issue in the Nordic countries. Expand
THE ENCOUNTERS THAT RUPTURE THE MYTH: CONTRADICTIONS IN MIDWIVES' DESCRIPTIONS AND EXPLANATIONS OF CIRCUMCISED WOMEN IMMIGRANTS' SEXUALITY
TLDR
It is concluded that an increased understanding of cultural epistemology is needed to ensure quality care in circumcised African women patients and the encounters that take place in obstetrical care situations can provide a space where gender and culture as prescribed norms can be questioned. Expand
The cultural debate over female circumcision: the Sudanese are arguing this one out for themselves.
This article critiques medical ecological analysis of female circumcision as a "maladaptive cultural pattern" and argues that this highly controversial procedure must be analyzed within the largerExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...