Cultural Ways of Learning: Individual Traits or Repertoires of Practice

  title={Cultural Ways of Learning: Individual Traits or Repertoires of Practice},
  author={Kris D. Guti{\'e}rrez and Barbara Rogoff},
  journal={Educational Researcher},
  pages={19 - 25}
This article addresses a challenge faced by those who study cultural variation in approaches to learning: how to characterize regularities of individuals’ approaches according to their cultural background. We argue against the common approach of assuming that regularities are static, and that general traits of individuals are attributable categorically to ethnic group membership. We suggest that a cultural-historical approach can be used to help move beyond this assumption by focusing… Expand
Constellations of Cultural Practices across Generations: Indigenous American Heritage and Learning by Observing and Pitching In
This article argues that a generational approach focusing on changing constellations of cultural practices helps to understand culture. We contrast this approach with the “box approach,” whichExpand
Repertoires of cultural practices for enacting play and learning in a playgroup
Variations in cultural practices between families and schools have emerged as central to many studies (Rogoff, 2003) and these dynamic variations have been named as repertoires of cultural practiceExpand
Noticing Learners’ Strengths Through Cultural Research
Strengths-based approaches include and extend beyond concerns for social equity: They are necessary for scientific characterization of human cognitive and social processes as well as for effective educational and societal practices. Expand
Use of Cultural Styles or Repertoires of Experience to Guide Instruction: What Difference Does it Make?
Educators are seeking to meet student needs in increasingly diverse university classrooms. Two contrasting ways of responding to cultural difference are planning instruction on the basis of culturalExpand
Challenges in operationalizing cultural practices in classroom and peer communities
Abstract This paper explores challenges encountered in a study of culturally relevant pedagogy that examines numeracy practices of under-served youth in secondary mathematics classrooms and in theirExpand
Understanding Learning Culturally: Overcoming the Dualism Between Social and Individual Views of Learning
This paper identifies limitations within the current literature on understanding learning. Overcoming these limitations entails replacing dualist views of learning as either individual or social, byExpand
Family Culture as Context for Learning through Inquiry
Abstract Prior research shows that participation within communities of practice shapes children’s development of repertoires of practice—ways of engaging in activities within a cultural community.Expand
Children’s Management of Attention as Cultural Practice
This chapter addresses the idea that a focus on participation in cultural practices is more productive for understanding cultural aspects of young children’s learning than comparing membership inExpand
Beyond Research on Cultural Minorities: Challenges and Implications of Research as Situated Cultural Practice
This article examines the cultural nature of research. This is a consequential idea as research knowledge is expected to inform professional practices for our increasingly multicultural society. WeExpand
Unpacking ‘culture’ in cultural studies of science education: cultural difference versus cultural production
In this article, we explore three anthropological approaches to science education research: funds of knowledge, third space/hybridity and practice theory. Definitions, historical origins, uses andExpand


Investigating the Coordinated Functioning of Multifaceted Cultural Practices in Human Development
We argue for the importance of keeping a focus on the dynamically coordinated functioning of multifaceted cultural practices for investigating cultural aspects of human development. Although someExpand
Can Cultural Psychology Help Us Think About Diversity
My purpose today is to explore implications of cultural psychology for guiding educational practice, especially educational practice in settings where the children come from many different homeExpand
Studying Cultural Practices in Urban Learning Communities
Educational practices are constituted through the junction of cultural artifacts, beliefs, values, and normative routines known as activity systems. Classroom activity is a particularly importantExpand
The Handbook of Research on Multicultural Education
The Handbook of Research on Multicultural Education, edited by James A. Banks and Cherry A. McGhee Banks. New York: Simon & Schuster/Macmillan, 1995. 882 pp. $75.00, cloth. Reviewed by Donna Y. Ford,Expand
Firsthand learning through intent participation.
This article examines how people learn by actively observing and "listening-in" on ongoing activities as they participate in shared endeavors, and contrasts these two traditions of organizing learning in terms of their participation structure. Expand
Teaching, as Learning, in Practice
Why pursue a social rather than a more familiar psychological theory of learning? 'To the extent that being human is a relational matter, generated in social living, historically, in socialExpand
Is October Brown Chinese? A Cultural Modeling Activity System for Underachieving Students
This article analyzes the quality of intellectual reasoning of a class of high school students with standardized reading scores in the bottom quartile. The analysis situates the intellectual work onExpand
The Cultural Nature of Human Development
1. Orienting concepts and ways of understanding the cultural nature of human development 2. Development as transformation of participation in cultural activities 3. Individuals, generations andExpand
Rethinking diversity: Hybridity and hybrid language practices in the third space
In this article we provide a perspective on hybridity both as a theoretical lens for understanding diversity and a method for organizing learning. We argue that the use of multiple, diverse, and evenExpand
Cultural Differences and Inferences About Psychological Processes.
PERHAPS the most prevalent view of the source of ethnic and social class differences in intellectual performance is what might be summed up under the label "the deficit hypothesis." I t can be statedExpand