Cultural Variations in the Sexual Marketplace: Gender Equality Correlates With More Sexual Activity

@article{Baumeister2011CulturalVI,
  title={Cultural Variations in the Sexual Marketplace: Gender Equality Correlates With More Sexual Activity},
  author={Roy F. Baumeister and Juan Pablo Mendoza},
  journal={The Journal of Social Psychology},
  year={2011},
  volume={151},
  pages={350 - 360}
}
ABSTRACT Sexual economics theory assumes that heterosexual communities can be analyzed as marketplaces in which men offer women resources such as love, respect, money, and commitment in exchange for sex. In response to economic, political, and other disadvantages, women collectively restrict their sexuality to maintain a low supply relative to male demand, thereby ensuring a high price. Hence, we tested the hypothesis that sexual norms and practices would be more restrictive in countries marked… Expand

Topics from this paper

Who suppresses female sexuality? An examination of support for Islamic veiling in a secular Muslim democracy as a function of sex and offspring sex
Abstract Whether it is men or women who suppress female sexuality has important implications for understanding gendered relations, ultimately providing insight into one widespread cause of femaleExpand
Papa Don't Preach? : Using Lies to Expose the Truth about Who Suppresses Female Sexuality.
TLDR
Men and women told larger and more frequent lies to their parents, with women telling the largest and most frequent lies of all to their fathers, suggesting that mothers, and especially fathers, restrict female sexuality. Expand
A cross-sectional study on attitudes toward gender equality, sexual behavior, positive sexual experiences, and communication about sex among sexually active and non-sexually active adolescents in Bolivia and Ecuador
TLDR
The analysis shows that sexually active adolescents who consider gender equality as important report higher current use of contraceptives within the couple and are more likely to describe their last sexual intercourse as a positive experience. Expand
Who punishes promiscuous women? Both women and men are prejudiced towards sexually-accessible women, but only women inflict costly punishment
Abstract Across human societies, female sexuality is suppressed by gendered double standards, slut shaming, sexist rape laws, and honour killings. The question of what motivates societies to punishExpand
Egalitarian Values and Sexual Behavior—The Role of Country Level Values in Shaping Individual Level Behaviors in Africa, South America and Asia
Abstract Objective The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between country level egalitarian values (broadly speaking emancipatory values/structural gender equality) and sexualExpand
The Effects of the Mating Market, Sex, Age, and Income on Sociopolitical Orientation
TLDR
Overall, effects were largely not interactive, suggesting that individual differences in sociopolitical orientation may reflect strategic self-interest and be more straightforward than previously predicted. Expand
Predicting partnered sexual activity among older adults in four European countries: the role of attitudes, health, and relationship factors
ABSTRACT To investigate factors that predict partnered sexual activity in men and women aged 60–75 years from Norway, Denmark, Belgium, and Portugal. A cross-sectional study including nationalExpand
School and Parental Factors Associated with One-Night Stand, Condom Use at Sexual Debut and Multiple Sexual Partners
In many countries, risky sexual behaviour appears to have become more common among sexually active young adults due to increasing acceptance of pre-marital sexual behaviour. This poses threat to theExpand
Sexual Economics, Culture, Men, and Modern Sexual Trends
Across the late 20th century, ideas about sex came from two main sources. One was evolutionary theory, based on the field of biology. The other was feminist and social constructionist theory, basedExpand
Ethnocultural Differences in Motivations for Sex
Motivations for sex are numerous and varied (Browning, 2004; Meston & Buss, 2007). Using exploratory factor analytic methods, 21 theoretically distinct motivations have been proposed (Browning, 2004;Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 24 REFERENCES
Sexual Economics: Sex as Female Resource for Social Exchange in Heterosexual Interactions
  • R. Baumeister, K. Vohs
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 2004
TLDR
Research findings show gender asymmetries in prostitution, courtship, infidelity and divorce, female competition, the sexual revolution and changing norms, unequal status between partners, cultural suppression of female sexulity, abusive relationships, rape, and sexual attitudes. Expand
Global sex: Sexuality and sexual practices around the world
Sex: this most universal experience comes complete with an array of international similarities and some surprising differences - from country to country; between different ages, genders and cultures;Expand
Cultural Suppression of Female Sexuality
Four theories about cultural suppression of female sexuality are evaluated. Data are reviewed on cross-cultural differences in power and sex ratios, reactions to the sexual revolution, directExpand
The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States
This survey of sexual practices in the United States has been combed by the media for items of interest to the public: monogamous sex is much more widespread in this country than has been thought;Expand
Sex in Advertising: Gender Differences and the Role of Relationship Commitment
This study draws on differences between men and women's attitudes about sex, either as an end in itself (men) or as inextricably linked to relationship commitment (women) to understand attitudesExpand
Is There a Gender Difference in Strength of Sex Drive? Theoretical Views, Conceptual Distinctions, and a Review of Relevant Evidence
The sex drive refers to the strength of sexual motivation. Across many different studies and measures, men have been shown to have more frequent and more intense sexual desires than women, asExpand
Demographic and sexual characteristics of nonresponders to sexual experience items in a national survey
Given the heavy reliance on self‐report measures, volunteer bias due to patterns of nonresponse is an important issue in sex research. In the present study, rates of nonresponse to self‐administeredExpand
Social exchange theories and sexuality
Social Exchange Theory is one of the social science theories that have been applied to the study of human sexuality. This theoretical perspective is of particular relevance for understandingExpand
The social organization of sexuality.
TLDR
One prominent finding of the survey was that approximately 80% of adults reported no or one sexual partner in the year before the interview, and approximately 3% of men and 2% of women reported any homosexual or bisexual activity during the same period. Expand
The global gender gap report 2007
Gender-based inequality is a phenomenon that affects the majority of the worlds cultures religions nations and income groups. Yet there are differences in the way gender disparities manifestExpand
...
1
2
3
...