Cultural Transmission of Enemy Recognition: One Function of Mobbing

  title={Cultural Transmission of Enemy Recognition: One Function of Mobbing},
  author={Eberhard Curio and U Ernst and Willy Vieth},
  pages={899 - 901}
There are at least ten suggested hypotheses for the function of mobbing predators by fish, birds, and mammals. Experiments with captive European black-birds support one of these—the "cultural transmission hypothesis." Perceiving a mobbing conspecific together with a novel, harmless bird induced blackbirds to mob the innocuous object. The mobbing response persisted during subsequent presentations of the novel bird alone, which was more effectively conditioned than an artificial control object… 

Mobbing in animals: a thorough review and proposed future directions

This review explores what mobbing is, how it is used, what its functions are thought to be, its use as a proxy for cognition, before providing suggestions for specific future avenues of research necessary to improve the understanding of mobbing in its ecological and evolutionary context.

The function of mobbing in cooperative meerkats 5 6

To show context appropriate antipredator behaviour, animals require information about a predators' motivation to hunt, and consequently the level of danger to which they are exposed at any given

The function of mobbing in cooperative meerkats

The presence of conspecific females influences male-mobbing behavior

Assessment of sexually dimorphic bird species to models of two diurnal owls in south-eastern Brazil showed that the mobbing intensity of males increased with the number of conspecific females in the audience, suggesting that female choice may influence the evolution of mobbing behavior.

Snake-directed mobbing in a cooperative breeder: anti-predator behaviour or self-advertisement for the formation of dispersal coalitions?

  • A. Maklakov
  • Environmental Science
    Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
  • 2002
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Why Mob? Reassessing the Costs and Benefits of Primate Predator Harassment

  • M. Crofoot
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Folia Primatologica
  • 2012
Reports of predator harassment by primates are reviewed to determine the distribution of this behavior across taxa, assess what is known about the costs of mobbing, and evaluate hypotheses about its function.

Predation risk drives the expression of mobbing across bird species

This work presents a meta-analyses of the response of the immune system to the presence of carbon dioxide in the environment over a long period of time and shows clear patterns of decline in response to climate change.

Jaguar mobbing by giant otter groups

In the two group instances, the otters mobbed the jaguar until it left the area, likely reinforces the advantages of living in groups, reducing predation risk and promoting group cohesion, with resulting territorial and fitness benefits.



The biological function of gulls' attraction towards predators

  • H. Kruuk
  • Environmental Science
    Animal Behaviour
  • 1976


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Snake Mobbing By California Ground Squirrels: Adaptive Variation and Ontogeny

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