Cultural Differences in Affective Forecasting: The Role of Focalism

  title={Cultural Differences in Affective Forecasting: The Role of Focalism},
  author={Kent C. H. Lam and R. Buehler and C. McFarland and M. Ross and I. Cheung},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  pages={1296 - 1309}
  • Kent C. H. Lam, R. Buehler, +2 authors I. Cheung
  • Published 2005
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
  • The impact bias in affective forecasting—a tendency to overestimate the emotional consequences of future events—may not be a universal phenomenon. This prediction bias stems from a cognitive process known as focalism, whereby predictors focus attention narrowly on the upcoming target event. Three studies supported the hypothesis that East Asians, who tend to think more holistically than Westerners, would be less susceptible to focalism and, consequently, to the impact bias. In Studies 1 and 2… CONTINUE READING
    71 Citations

    Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper.

    Explore Further: Topics Discussed in This Paper

    The role of mindfulness facets in affective forecasting
    • 53
    • PDF
    Accuracy and artifact: reexamining the intensity bias in affective forecasting.
    • 18
    • PDF
    Realistic affective forecasting: The role of personality
    • 14


    Focalism: a source of durability bias in affective forecasting.
    • 397
    • Highly Influential
    • PDF
    Intensity Bias in Affective Forecasting: The Role of Temporal Focus
    • 210
    Immune neglect: a source of durability bias in affective forecasting.
    • 1,165
    • Highly Influential
    • PDF
    Affective Forecasting
    • 1,212
    • Highly Influential
    • PDF
    Cultural variation in unrealistic optimism: Does the West feel more vulnerable than the East?
    • 384
    • Highly Influential
    Cultural variations in optimistic and pessimistic bias: do Easterners really expect the worst and Westerners really expect the best when predicting future life events?
    • 116
    Culture and judgment of causal relevance.
    • 224
    Aging, culture, and cognition.
    • D. Park, R. Nisbett, T. Hedden
    • Psychology, Medicine
    • The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences
    • 1999
    • 118
    • PDF
    Culture, control, and perception of relationships in the environment.
    • 631
    • PDF
    The Experiencing and Remembering of Well-Being: A Cross-Cultural Analysis
    • 158
    • PDF